Tools Featured in this Teardown

Introduction

We like cameras. We also like taking cameras apart. Today, we vivisect the D600.

With the release of a "budget" full-frame camera, Nikon hopes to lure the mid-level/Prosumer camera junkies into taking the plunge into full-frame wonderland. Unfortunately, a "budget" full-frame camera still means a price tag of $2,099, so it's not exactly a bargain.

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This teardown is not a repair guide. To repair your Nikon D600, use our service manual.

Image 1/2: 24.3 megapixel FX [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Full-frame_digital_SLR|full-frame] CMOS sensor
  • Entry level + full-frame = Nikon D600. Let's see what it's got.

    • 24.3 megapixel FX full-frame CMOS sensor

    • 5.5 frames per second continuous shooting

    • ISO 100-6400 (expandable to 25,600)

    • 3.2" TFT LCD

    • Dual SD card slots

  • Full-frame? What does that mean, you ask? Simply put, a full-frame sensor is the same size as a 35 mm (36×24 mm) film negative. A larger sensor means larger images with greater resolution, even when blown up to large print sizes.

  • Before we go any further, we'd like to give a big thanks to Chipworks for helping us with the teardown, and for providing the awesome sensor images you'll see below.

10 years ago, full-frames are rich photographer's toy.Will we see a full-frame under $500 in next 10 years?

Honam1021 - Reply

At $2,100 for "entry-level" and pro models rocketing towards $6,000, it's hard to say that full-frame isn't still a luxury reserved for at least the semi-rich. What I'm more interested in seeing is how the entire spectrum of consumer cameras changes as smartphones' cameras eclipse point-and-shoots and mirrorless SLRs start to replace traditional APS-C DSLRs.

David Hodson -

Image 1/2: Headphone jack
  • Before we take a look inside the D600, let's take a look at its port side, aptly located on the port side of the camera.

    • Headphone jack

    • Stereo microphone Input

    • Hi-speed USB

    • HDMI output: Type C mini-pin HDMI connector

    • GP-1 GPS unit input

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Image 1/2: Even though SD cards are not as fast as CompactFlash or XQD modules, they are significantly smaller and lighter, allowing Nikon's engineers to keep the D600's exterior dimensions in check.
  • Starboard, ho! Unlike the D800 and the D4, which feature CompactFlash and XQD card slots, respectively, the D600 sports dual SD card slots.

    • Even though SD cards are not as fast as CompactFlash or XQD modules, they are significantly smaller and lighter, allowing Nikon's engineers to keep the D600's exterior dimensions in check.

  • Oooh là là! The exposure mode selection dial atop the D600 has a lock button in its center. Say 'so long' to accidental dial turns!

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Image 1/2: Even without the different exterior markings, distinguishing the D600 from the D7000 is pretty easy once the body cap is removed, exposing the comparatively gigantic viewfinder mirror.
  • If you're used to wielding a Nikon D7000, holding a D600 may start to feel like déjà vu. Let's compare the two and see how similar they really are.

  • Even without the different exterior markings, distinguishing the D600 from the D7000 is pretty easy once the body cap is removed, exposing the comparatively gigantic viewfinder mirror.

  • A shot of the camera controls reveals very similar button counts, button locations, and button functions.

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Image 1/3: Check out this shot of what appears to be the D7000 by itself. Look closer, though, and you will notice that the D600 hides quite nicely behind the similarly sized D7000. Apparently "slight" really is slight!
  • The D600 seems to have a slight size advantage, but how slight is "slight?"

  • Check out this shot of what appears to be the D7000 by itself. Look closer, though, and you will notice that the D600 hides quite nicely behind the similarly sized D7000. Apparently "slight" really is slight!

  • Do not get the two cameras confused, though. They may look simlar on the outside, but the full-frame sensor in the D600 will certainly raise the bar as far as photo quality goes.

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Image 1/3: Before we pull this bad boy apart, we remove the battery and battery cover from the device.
  • "Safety first!" That's our motto!

  • Before we pull this bad boy apart, we remove the battery and battery cover from the device.

  • Yay! Instructional pictures! In true Ikea fashion, Nikon includes a helpful battery installation graphic.

  • Nikon claims that the 7.0V-1900mAh-14Wh Lithium-ion battery can take 900 shots per charge, an understandable downgrade from the 1,050 of the D7000, most likely due to the improved internals.

  • It seems that Nikon likes to wait a while to design new batteries. When the D90 debuted in 2008, it used the same battery as its predecessor, the D80. Likewise, the D600 uses the same battery as the D7000.

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Image 1/3: There are multiple hidden screws throughout the body of the D600.
  • Our teardown experts are getting antsy; they want to open this puppy up!

  • There are multiple hidden screws throughout the body of the D600.

  • Off come the viewfinder eye cup and battery grip cover, and we're ready to get inside.

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Image 1/3: ''Poof!'' Like magic, the screws are released and we gain our first glimpse of the D600's insides.
  • Several Phillips screws hold the bottom cover in place.

  • Poof! Like magic, the screws are released and we gain our first glimpse of the D600's insides.

  • The only goodie on the underside of the bottom case is the battery release mechanism. If—for whatever reason—yours fails, it can be replaced pretty easily.

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Image 1/2: It's nice to see that this mount comes out separately from the rest of the body. It would be a shame to compromise a $2,100 camera just because the tripod mount becomes cross-threaded.
  • As we continue to remove parts, we get to the standard tripod mount, held in securely by four Phillips #00 screws.

  • It's nice to see that this mount comes out separately from the rest of the body. It would be a shame to compromise a $2,100 camera just because the tripod mount becomes cross-threaded.

That tripod mount is really a concern for those who use sling strap that holds the camera body plus lens solely via that screw...

Anthony Chan - Reply

Image 1/3: The depth-of-field preview and function buttons both lay inside the front case underneath two rubber covers.
  • The front case is the next piece to surrender its spot on the D600's body.

  • The depth-of-field preview and function buttons both lay inside the front case underneath two rubber covers.

  • Though not a common repair, replacing these buttons is certainly feasible.

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Image 1/1: From our past experience with DSLR cameras, we know it's not going to be this easy for long.
  • The battery grip pops off next. That's another component easily dispatched.

  • From our past experience with DSLR cameras, we know it's not going to be this easy for long.

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Image 1/2: How hidden are these screws? We found them underneath the eye cup, rubber grip, and viewfinder diopter dial.
  • The rear cover is secured by a few sneakily-hidden screws.

  • How hidden are these screws? We found them underneath the eye cup, rubber grip, and viewfinder diopter dial.

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Image 1/3: Well, this is nifty. Notice the red dots drawn on the inside of the rear cover? Each dot seems to correspond to the location of a screw. We assume this is done to keep track of each screw during the manufacturing process.
  • The rear cover (along with the LCD assembly) finally gives in and jumps ship from the rest of the body.

  • Well, this is nifty. Notice the red dots drawn on the inside of the rear cover? Each dot seems to correspond to the location of a screw. We assume this is done to keep track of each screw during the manufacturing process.

  • Every button on the rear cover is tied to a single ribbon cable. This makes repair a bit more costly if a single switch gets fried.

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Image 1/1: If you scratch or crack the display glass on an older Nikon DSLR like the D90, it's possible to find an inexpensive replacement and fix it yourself. With the inseparable glass, though, D600 users will definitely want to opt for some type of screen protection.
  • We were disappointed to find that the LCD is fused to the rear case, and cannot be replaced without replacing the entire panel.

  • If you scratch or crack the display glass on an older Nikon DSLR like the D90, it's possible to find an inexpensive replacement and fix it yourself. With the inseparable glass, though, D600 users will definitely want to opt for some type of screen protection.

The LCD/glass assembly does come free of the back panel, just use a hair dryer to loosen up the adhesive.

Peter Chlebak - Reply

Image 1/3: Fast forward a bit, and you can see that this device is totally full of shields and grounding straps—that's not even all of them!
  • Bit by bit, we pull off the last few pieces of the outer case, revealing—no surprises here—more shields and circuit boards surrounding the ports and SD card slots.

  • Fast forward a bit, and you can see that this device is totally full of shields and grounding straps—that's not even all of them!

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Image 1/3: Anyone else keeping track? By our count, removing all of the outer case components requires unscrewing a total of 36 screws. And we're just getting started…
  • By now we are rather adept at finding the hidden screws on this device. We locate and remove the two small screws securing the top case assembly in place.

  • Anyone else keeping track? By our count, removing all of the outer case components requires unscrewing a total of 36 screws. And we're just getting started…

  • It's time for an iFixit fun fact! See the red square in the first picture? That circle with a line through it denotes the location of the image plane, which is the vertical plane that the image sensor lies in. You'll find the same symbol on most cameras, and it's the point where camera lens minimum focusing distance measurements are taken from.

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Image 1/2: I see, you see, we all see an IC!
  • 17 steps in and we've got our hands on some green! The first board out is the top case button board.

  • I see, you see, we all see an IC!

    • Nikon NHHS-2 219MM

I think the chip says 219MM, not 218MM. Note the upward curviness of the horizontal line in the middle typical of a 9.

Lance Feagan - Reply

Image 1/3: Not surprisingly, the D600 sports the same wide viewing angle upper TFT-LCD as the D7000.
  • Under the board lay a few more goodies, the first of which is the upper LCD assembly.

  • Not surprisingly, the D600 sports the same wide viewing angle upper TFT-LCD as the D7000.

  • We find the LCD controller, ROHM segment driver BU9794AKV.

  • We could probably write an entire teardown for the top case of the D600 alone, but we decided to spare you. Take our word for it, there's a lot of stuff crammed in there.

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Image 1/1: With the number of screws left in the upper case roughly [http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=SiMHTK15Pik|over 9000], we decide to divert our attention to the rest of the device.
  • At this point we'd like to stop and let you appreciate the space management that goes into designing a DSLR camera. Wires and ribbon cables run amuck, yet everything works together in perfect harmony, allowing you to express your artistic vision with the press of a button.

  • With the number of screws left in the upper case roughly over 9000, we decide to divert our attention to the rest of the device.

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  • EMI shields are very helpful. They work wonders in preventing external electromagnetic induction and radiation from messing with the circuitry of electronics.

  • That being said, they're usually a huge pain in the spudger to remove.

  • Luckily, this large EMI shield is removed by simply unscrewing some Phillips screws, and does not require any desoldering.

  • The large square of thermal compound also tips us off that this shield works double duty as a heat sink, removing any excess heat from the D600's motherboard.

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Image 1/2: Toshiba  80 MHz [http://www.semicon.toshiba.co.jp/eng/product_detail/micro/tx19/1261728_13777.html|TMP19A44F10XBG] low-power microcontroller
  • Motherboard!

    • Toshiba 80 MHz TMP19A44F10XBG low-power microcontroller

    • Nikon EL-166

    • Nikon EL175 1207 EXPEED 3 image processing engine

    • Samsung K4B2G0846D 1 GB (total) DDR 3 SDRAM

    • Inrevium TE4302RX SD controller, provides UHS-I, Ultra High Speed SD card read/write support

    • Spansion GL128S90DHI02 16 MB flash memory

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Image 1/2: With a few more screws removed we can finally pull out the board that holds the 24 megapixel full-frame sensor.
  • Moar screws! Our Phillips #00 bit is getting tired, but it keeps unscrewing screw after screw!

  • With a few more screws removed we can finally pull out the board that holds the 24 megapixel full-frame sensor.

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Image 1/2: Curious what all of these filters do? So were we! Luckily, Nikon breaks it down for us [http://imaging.nikon.com/lineup/dslr/d800/img/features01/img_30.png|quite nicely].
  • To get a closer look at the full-frame CMOS sensor, we remove the frame and layers of filters covering it.

    • Curious what all of these filters do? So were we! Luckily, Nikon breaks it down for us quite nicely.

I do think this glass layer is significantly different from the other Nikon DSLRs. And also different from the D800. I could clearly see only 1 layer of glass for each filter. When I tear down my D7000 for conversion, it has a 3 layer in one stack and a separate dust shaker filter just like the one in D600 here. This D600 seems to lack a waveplate and an anti-aliasing filter in one direction. If you could check the dpreview resolution test, it's clear it lacks the horizontal one.

Could you measure the thickness of both of these glass using a micrometer or vernier scale?

Jack - Reply

Were you able to measure the thickness or have any exact measurments of the filters and glass layers in front of the sensor?

Rob - Reply

Image 1/3: The full-frame image sensor courtesy of [http://www.chipworks.com|Chipworks]!
  • With the filters off, we get a full-frontal view of the full-frame image sensor. The 35.9mm x 24.0mm sensor is a major size upgrade from the 23.6mm x 15.6mm sensor in the D7000, and accounts for a 50% increase in total effective pixels (24 million/16 million).

  • The full-frame image sensor courtesy of Chipworks!

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Image 1/3: These tilted images show the micro-lenses making up each pixel of the full frame sensor.
  • Ever wondered what a corner view of the image sensor magnified 350x with a Scanning Electron Microscope looks like? Wonder no more. Can't get enough magnification? Here is a view magnified at 3500x.

    • These tilted images show the micro-lenses making up each pixel of the full frame sensor.

  • The second image shows that these pixels are well-spaced, demonstrating why not all pixels are created equal. The large size and ample gaps between pixels allows room for metal signal lines to move each pixel's data without blocking light to the individual photocathode sensors.

  • Interesting enough, the image sensor in the D600 is manufactured by Sony.

  • Thank you Chipworks for the amazing pictures! If you want to read more on the Sony sensor, check out their full post on the subject.

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  • And now.... desoldering time!

  • With the help of our soldering station, we free the secondary power board from the D600.

  • It's not at all uncommon for the various daughterboards inside a camera to be soldered together. Connections need to be sturdy and not take up a lot of space, and surface mount soldering fits the criteria very well.

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Image 1/2: A spudger makes quick work of the non-soldered connections, and the primary power board is free.
  • If there's such a thing as a connector-to-circuit-board-area ratio, the D600's primary power board has an impressive one.

  • A spudger makes quick work of the non-soldered connections, and the primary power board is free.

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Image 1/3: The IC on the large ribbon cable is a ROHM [http://www.rohm.com/web/global/products/-/product/BU9798KV|BU9798KV] multifunction LCD segment driver. Moving on...
  • This is the point in the teardown when stuff just starts coming out of the device left and right. A lens mount here, a ribbon cable there, whatever that is over there... the only thing that could make this better is if it was made into an awesome montage and set to "You're the Best," à la Karate Kid.

  • The IC on the large ribbon cable is a ROHM BU9798KV multifunction LCD segment driver. Moving on...

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Image 1/2: Just in case it wasn't so welcoming, we were ready with our [guide|2177|capacitor discharge tool]—always a good idea when you're dealing with large electrolytic capacitors.
  • We were relieved to find an insulated rubber cover on the beefy 350 µF flash capacitor, protecting us against what could have been a dangerous shock.

  • Just in case it wasn't so welcoming, we were ready with our capacitor discharge tool—always a good idea when you're dealing with large electrolytic capacitors.

The flash capacitor is actually 350v / 50 µF.

Michael Doncaster - Reply

The flash capacitor is actually 350v / 350 µF.

Paul -

The flash capacitor is actually a 330v / 350 µf.

James -

super super...........

Ganesh Babu - Reply

The autofocus dial can it be replace? Mine was broken. Thank you.

Allain Dungo - Reply

Image 1/2: The battery can be easily replaced by opening the compartment with your thumbnail.
  • Nikon D600 Repairability Score: 2 out of 10 (10 is easiest to repair)

    • The battery can be easily replaced by opening the compartment with your thumbnail.

    • The tripod mount comes off after removing four Phillips #00 screws.

    • The D600 has several wires that need to be desoldered in order to take it apart.

    • Many, many screws hold the device together.

    • The LCD is fused to the rear case, and cannot be swapped without replacing the entire back of the camera.

    • For absolute safety, you need to discharge the flash capacitor, otherwise you risk accidentally killing your camera (or yourself).

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13 Comments

Beyond awesome, thanks guys!, Just curious, were you able to put it back together and in working order?

Dumitru Hociung - Reply

We did not attempt to put it back together, since the good folks at Chipworks needed the sensor and other ICs to perform their intensive tests. We still use the D5100 we did a teardown of a couple years ago, though.

David Hodson -

Are those really Phillips screws or are they JIS? Most of the Japanese cameras I get my paws on are JIS...

Max Duco - Reply

We usually only dust off the JIS drivers if Phillips drivers aren't working for us. In this case, our Phillips #00 bit got the job done, so we left it at that.

David Hodson -

I wince when I see JIS screw heads being butchered with the totally wrong tool....

maico61 -

I'm curious. What do you do with all these devices you tear apart after you disassemble them? Sure you wouldn't throw a $2000 camera to the trash...

valtteri - Reply

See my reply to Dumitru's question above. We never throw anything away.

David Hodson -

Thanks for the D600 teardown. Is there any simple way to replace the SD card door on this without having to remove the back plate too? I also note that there are tiny rubber seals around the front edge of the door as well as a "bumpstop" at the back of the door when it pops open from its spring pressure. Any advice or should I just take it to my local repair guy to let him deal with it?

Thank you

Mark Elias - Reply

"We were disappointed to find that the LCD is fused to the rear case, and cannot be replaced without replacing the entire panel."

You said the LCD is bonded to the rear panel. From what I have read the rear glass is bonded to the LCD. You can buy replacement LCD but not the rear glass. My rear glass is smashed but the LCD still works.

Terry Van - Reply

The rear LCD on my D800E was only bonded to the rear cover--I bet the D600 is the same. You can put the rear cover with LCD in a vise (gently) and heat gingerly with a heat gun or hair dryer. If you're afraid like me, you can tape a thermocouple bead to the inside of the cover to monitor the temperature. Before reaching 200F, the LCD will fall out. You can push lightly with a wood stick to help it along. The new LCD will have pressure-sensitive adhesive already in place with release paper that you pull off before installation.

bernard - Reply

Hi, Do you think it's possible to mount an FX sensor to a DX body? E.g. to a Nikon D3200?

Steven Caverneels - Reply

What's the correct order of the little parts of the diopter button?

melissazepedaphotography - Reply

Thanks for this teardown. I just had to repair my D750 and, although it's fairly different to work on from the D600, seeing this gave me the confidence to tackle the job (replacing the mode dial). Took me an hour and all done and working again. $35 for the part and no need to sit on my hands while I wait for my camera to come back from a tech. Back to work tomorrow.

facebook - Reply

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