Techniques for generalized water damage troubleshooting and recovery.

In any situation involving the submersion or splashing of an electronic device in any liquid, the first step is to disconnect any power source as soon as this is safely possible.

  1. Pay attention to your personal safety first! Use caution when disconnecting any device from household current or any other source. If you are standing in water or your clothes are wet please remove yourself from any potential shock hazard before even thinking about retrieving a submerged or soaked electronic device.
  2. If the electronic device is still submerged and is connected to an external power source, find a safe way to disconnect it. If possible find a circuit breaker or switch for that source of power. Use caution if you choose to remove a plug or power adapter from an outlet that has not been switched off.
  3. Retrieving a submerged or soaked electronic device that contains a battery presents its own dangers. A shorted battery may be a fire and/or chemical hazard. If you see or feel any heat, smoke, steam, bubbling, bulging, or melting avoid handling the electronic device.
  4. If the device is still on, turn it off.
  5. Rotate and shake the device to try to let any fluid drain out.
  6. If possible, remove the battery.
  7. If possible, disassemble the device to allow any remaining liquid to drain and to begin cleaning the internal components. This is particularly important with acidic liquids such as fruit juice or alkaline liquids such as laundry water.
  8. If you are not confident about disassembling your device you can attempt drying it by burying it in a container of uncooked rice for several days. In some cases the rice will successfully draw out the remaining liquid. Change the orientation of the device occasionally in its rice bath to give the liquid every chance to drain. Avoid using salt, sugar, or flour. Disassembling and cleaning the device is always the best way to prevent corrosion, but if the device was not submerged this drying may in some cases be enough to prevent further damage. Note: Some tests suggest that open-air drying may be more effective than the rice method, especially in areas with low relative humidity. (Source)

Cleaning Circuit Boards ¶ 

  1. Completely disassemble your device removing all cables and opening all connectors. To displace any remaining liquid around or under any components of the logic board submerge it completely in a suitably sized container filled with isopropyl alcohol. Ideally use a 90% or higher concentration available from a pharmacist or drug store. You can use distilled or deionized water as an alternative cleaning fluid, although this will take longer to dry. Avoid solvents such as ketone, acetone, or naphtha.
  2. Use a toothbrush, small paint brush, or other soft brush to clean the logic board of any debris or deposits from the offending liquid. Use caution as you clean to avoid damaging or accidentally knocking off components of the logic board. Pay particular attention to the connectors and ends of ribbon cables to prevent corrosion of their contact surfaces.
  3. Once you are satisfied that the logic board is clean and free of corrosion you may use a hairdryer on its cold setting and dry the logic board. Alternatively, the logic board may placed under a desk lamp to gently warm it and dry out the cleaning fluid.
  4. When the components are dry check the cable ends and connectors again for signs of corrosion or debris.
  5. Reassemble your device with a new battery or one that you are confident is in good working order. If your device has been submerged it is likely that you will need a new battery. Lithium and other types of rechargeable batteries do not tolerate submersion well. Again, any sign of bubbling, bulging, melting, or discoloration on the battery indicates that it is toast. Dispose of it only at a battery recycling facility.
  6. Once you have your device assembled, the real work of evaluating the damage begins. Look for what is working and replace parts in an organized fashion, not all at once. The likely order of failure in a smaller electronic device is typically:
    • Battery
    • LCD
    • Logic board

pH of common fluids ¶ 

A number less than 7 indicates an acid solution, while a number above 7 indicates an alkaline solution. Both cases are bad for electronic components. Knowing the pH of the fluid can help give you an idea of how severe the damage is.

  • Pure water neutral pH = 7.0
  • Blood = 7.4
  • Gastric Juice = 0.7
  • Urine = 6.0
  • Pancreatic Juice = 8.1
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid = 7.3
  • Saliva = 7.0
  • Wheat Beer = 3.3 - 3.7
  • Lager Beer = 4.4 - 4.7
  • Unfermented Beer = 5.5
  • Lemon juice = 2.3
  • Bleach = 12 to 12.6
  • Sea water i.e. Saltwater = about 8.2
  • Regulated Pool Water = 7.2 - 7.8 (Source)



Add a comment

so what do i after the first step ... Beep accidently drip on computer screen only .. there is alot of water mark on screen .. computer is workin fine... computer is off right now! please help

Alba Ramirez - Reply

Alba this is the wrong area to post this. Please ask your question here:

ABCellars -

*sorry Beer dripped inside computer monitor

Alba Ramirez - Reply

Special Note.

Pure water neutral pH = 7.0 You don't have too much of an issue here -- easy to clean

Blood = 7.4 This may be more of an issue. If it is a large amount and your blood please seek medical advice

Gastric Juice = 0.7 See Blood

Urine = 6.0 If it's yours you may have behavioral issues. If it isn't, do you really want to clean it??

Pancreatic Juice = 8.1 See Blood

Cerebrospinal Fluid = 7.3 Really see blood

Saliva = 7.0 Ex Sneeze, just wipe it off. If sufficient to cause electrical; issue then you have other problems

Wheat Beer = 3.3 - 3.7 Why are there 3 kinds of beer listed

Lager Beer = 4.4 - 4.7 Really Why

Unfermented Beer = 5.5 What about a nice red wine

Lemon juice = 2.3 No comment

Bleach = 12 to 12.6 At least it is not a bio hazard anymore (see Blood, Urine etc)

Sea water i.e. Saltwater = about 8.2 ;)

Bruce Kempe - Reply

Thank you, thank you, thank you and thank you!!!!!!!! I love "ifixit".

I had a macbook with water damage. So I open the macbook and diassemble all parts. Then I follow these instruction and clean the logic board with toothbrush and isopropanol. I even clean bottomside of the cpu and gpu with isopropanol and pressed-air. Before that I diassemble the head sink and after that I appy new thermal paste.

So I put all together and it WORKS!!!

fischel - Reply

So pancreatic juice is a "common" fluid?? Not in my world; unless I am missing something.

Eric G - Reply

I have a MacBook Air that is still under warranty and it won't expire for 10 months and I think it has saliva in it. Should I take to the Apple Store?

Dylan Byrne - Reply

Why isn't coffee on the list? It has to be more common than a spill of pancreatic juice.

gwoodward78 - Reply

Thanks for the guide! I have successfully brought several computers back to life using these instructions. I know that putting pouring distilled water on your electronics can seem counterintuitive but it helps rinse off all the gunk residue. Just make sure you dry it well (I put my motherboards in my garage in the summer for 24 hours). I've cleaned milk, water and beer spills so far.

graham - Reply

Totally water submerged?

Once the unit is away from its power source, way away, take it outside in a ventillated area and pour isopropyl alcohol through the device, letting it displace the water as much as humanly possible. If its a camera try not to overdo it as to screw up the optics, If the optics are already contaminated, the alcohol thing might help but you still need to get the optics serviced.

for non-optical, keep the alcohol rinse/flush going a couple times and let the device either sit out and dry, blow a fan through it, or do the rice trick. The objective is to remove the bad ionization and water from the device. Alcohol dries quickly and mixes with the water. It should leave it very dry inside. If its salty salty salt water, your gonna get limited use of the device after this procedure and it would be advised to get all data out of the device asap (say if its a phone). The ocean salt water will have already done damage and is nearly impossible if not totally impossible to recover from fully

edweibe - Reply

I I fix it! I poured tea over a mac book air and I thought I lost it forever.

So I opened the back and removed the battery and let it dry for a day. Than the next day I followed the instructions on your website and removed the logic board and cleaned it all with IPA and a toothbrush and cotton bud. When it was drying I had some silica gel bag that I kept on it to get all the moisture in the machine... Now it works fine. SO thanks!!

Keep all the silica gel bags you find in boxes and other places as one day they might come in handy!!!

attesro84 - Reply

Must the heat sinks be removed before soaking the board?

Ashley Jung - Reply

I have a Sony Xperia U which worked fine before I stepped into ocean with it in my pocket. It got switched off on its own at that moment. When I at last opened it by myself after 2-3 days of its exposure to sea water, I regretted not cleaning (using isopropanol as I know now) and drying the logic board within hours of its exposure when I observed that some smd components and EMI shields caught rust by that time because of which one very small smd resistor, in the attempt to clean the rust surrounding it that it caught, got chipped off. After that, I used hair blower in hot mode to dry off the board for long hours. After this much,the mobile stopped charging,for a while,using supplied charger(so I bought a cheap 'battery' charger to indirectly charge the battery).Interestingly,the mobile used to switch on(even with the res chipped off!)but yes,it used to take touch input intermittently even when I didn't provided any. power button acted as if pressed even when I didn't press it. Now its not switching on at all

Rishi Khanna - Reply


Now, even with the res chipped off, the mobile, with battery connected, shows the SONY logo and then the blank screen after that (earlier, it used to show a charging battery) when I try to charge it using the supplied charger. So, now, I'm not able to switch on the phone at all using the power button but 'some' part of its electronics circuit appears to be intact as it shows SONY logo while charging it. It may be because that part of logic board is 'misbehaving' which takes input from power button or that the power button (mechanically) itself is not working as I don't hear the low tic-tic sound that usually comes when power or volume up-down or camera buttons are depressed, partially to fully.

Well, one thing that I learned from this episode is that one should not postpone the process of cleaning and then drying the electronics just after its exposure to any liquid.

P.S.: If anyone has any idea of what in the !&&* is happening with my phone, please reply.

Rishi Khanna - Reply

often these buttons don't need complete physical 0 ohm resistence like a switch. Instead they control a GPIO line with pullup/down resistors so they sometimes can be "pressed" by just touching the wire by a finger for example. In your case there appears to still be something making resistance low enough to press the button(s) - watter or other conductive material.

kexxxik -

My phone was in my pocket with a baby bottle, the bottle leaked in my pocket all over phone, it was working fine but now says no sim card and won't work, it onli works on wifi, I took it too thw shop where they took the sim out and told me it was wet inside and gave me a replacement sim, I've had it in a bag of rice for the past hour is there anything I can do as it's a brand new phone with no insurance plz help thanks

Laura - Reply

I just completed a complete tear down of a brand new MacBook Pro with water damage. I had VERY low expectations. I cleaned the logic board with alcohol and a clean brush - going over the obvious tarnishes a couple times until they were clean. I pulled the logic board and ram out and cleaned both sides. Put it all back together and Holy hole in a donut if fired back up. Un. Real. Thank you you beautiful ifixit people.

Erik Rubadeau - Reply

I'm not completely confident that I can successfully disassemble my iphone, can I just submerge the whole thing in the alcohol or will that mess up the battery and/or something else?

Sarah - Reply


I followed your direction to the tee. It powers on and stays on until I turn it off. When I shut down my laptop, it does not power back on. Any help is greatly appreciated.


jazminevong - Reply