Video Overview

Introduction

Today, Microsoft adds a new surface to their tablet line. No, not a third dimension—leave those 3D glasses at the theater. Instead, let your friends at iFixit break out the X-ray specs and show you what's inside the new Surface Pro 2.

Want to take a look-see into more iFixit fun? Peer into our Facebook, look through our rose-tinted Instagram lens, or peek at our Twitter.

This teardown is not a repair guide. To repair your Microsoft Surface Pro 2, use our service manual.

Image 1/2: 10.6 inch ClearType Full HD Display with a resolution of 1920 x 1080 Image 2/2: 4th generation Intel® Core™ i5 Processor
  • What's beneath the surface of Microsoft's latest tablet? A fair number of puns, but also some familiar, and improved, hardware:

    • 10.6 inch ClearType Full HD Display with a resolution of 1920 x 1080

    • 4th generation Intel® Core™ i5 Processor

    • Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n) + Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy technology

    • 64/128 GB or 256/512 GB storage capacity

    • 4 GB RAM (models with 64/128 GB storage) or 8 GB RAM (models with 256/512 GB storage)

    • Two 720p HD cameras, front and rear-facing

    • Full-size USB 3.0, Mini DisplayPort, and microSDXC card reader

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  • The Surface Pro 2 sports a 2-stage kickstand, with options for a 24 or 40-degree viewing angle.

  • The kickstand is secured with two screws. Happily, our new Pro Tech Screwdriver Set includes the perfect T5 Torx driver to reach in and get this teardown started.

  • The kickstand comes off with little fuss, but if the previous model is any indication, repairability issues will soon begin to … show themselves.

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  • As pacifists, we prefer our trusty iOpener. But when pushed, we're not afraid to push back with the big (heat) guns.

  • Time to poke a plethora of picks under the now-molten adhesive. The use of oodles of dainty picks over brute force ensures our ribbon cables' protection.

    • Let the record show that you can fit at least 21 iFixit Opening Picks under the display of the Surface Pro 2.

  • We slowly but surely free the Surface Pro 2's display, trapped like a baby diplodocus in a treacherous tar pit of black adhesive.

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Image 1/3: At first glance things look eerily similar to last time, although the motherboard is a pretty new shade of ...[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMxWLuOFyZM&t=03m21s|blue? Green|new_window=true]? Image 2/3: Before we can poke or prod any components, we'll first have to extract the dozens of screws holding this sucker together. Image 3/3: And whaddya know—it's the same [http://d3nevzfk7ii3be.cloudfront.net/igi/xJiOJWxpkLPLMtrG|52 screws|new_window=true] (of 3 different sizes) seen in the previous generation, holding in a plastic bezel and two metal brackets.
  • We flick aside four ribbon cables, and with that, this tablet's internals are revealed to the world.

  • At first glance things look eerily similar to last time, although the motherboard is a pretty new shade of ...blue? Green?

  • Before we can poke or prod any components, we'll first have to extract the dozens of screws holding this sucker together.

    • And whaddya know—it's the same 52 screws (of 3 different sizes) seen in the previous generation, holding in a plastic bezel and two metal brackets.

  • As much as we love screws, 52 seems like overkill, and we've only just scratched the...exterior of this device.

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Image 1/3: Changes to the cooling methods from the original Surface Pro are strictly software-based: the fans [http://d3nevzfk7ii3be.cloudfront.net/igi/YPfYKFtlInVkIYW6.large|remain the same], but [http://www.anandtech.com/show/7440/microsoft-surface-pro-2-review|run less frequently|new_window=true] to minimize power usage. Image 2/3: If you fancy a little copper with your tablet, the Surface Pro 2 has it: a notebook-worthy heat sink rounds out the cooling. Image 3/3: If you fancy a little copper with your tablet, the Surface Pro 2 has it: a notebook-worthy heat sink rounds out the cooling.
  • Finally, the motherboard is free and we can get at the fun stuff.

  • Changes to the cooling methods from the original Surface Pro are strictly software-based: the fans remain the same, but run less frequently to minimize power usage.

  • If you fancy a little copper with your tablet, the Surface Pro 2 has it: a notebook-worthy heat sink rounds out the cooling.

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Image 1/3: [http://www.skhynix.com/inc/pdfDownload.jsp?path=/ssd/down/Hynix%20mSATA%20SSD%20Datasheet__HFS064_128G3AMNM_(Rev1.0).pdf|SK Hynix HFS128G3AMNB|new_window=true] 128 GB mSATA 6.0 Gbps SSD, using: Image 2/3: SK Hynix [http://www.skhynix.com/en/common/images/btn/pdfDown.gif|H27QEGDVEBLR] 32 GB NAND Flash (four ICs for 128 GB total) Image 3/3: SK Hynix [http://www.skhynix.com/products/support/databook.jsp|H5PS2G63JMR] 32 MB DDR2 SDRAM
  • We've got storage! This time around, Microsoft shifts from a Micron/Marvell combination to one single IC manufacturer, SK Hynix.

  • SK Hynix HFS128G3AMNB 128 GB mSATA 6.0 Gbps SSD, using:

    • SK Hynix H27QEGDVEBLR 32 GB NAND Flash (four ICs for 128 GB total)

    • SK Hynix H5PS2G63JMR 32 MB DDR2 SDRAM

    • Link A Media LM87800AA SSD Controller

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Image 1/1: SK Hynix H9CCNNN8JTML 8 Gb (1 GB)  LPDDR3 RAM (total of 4 * 1 GB = 4 GB)
  • The ICs on the front side of the motherboard may look like little black squares on the (ahem) outside, but underneath they house some high-tech brainpower:

    • SK Hynix H9CCNNN8JTML 8 Gb (1 GB) LPDDR3 RAM (total of 4 * 1 GB = 4 GB)

    • Atmel MXT154E Touchscreen Controllers

    • Atmel UC256L3U 256KB Flash, 32-bit AVR Microcontroller

    • Winbond 25X40CL1G 4M-bit Serial Flash

    • Parade PS6625

    • Realtek ALC3230 Audio Codec

    • Atmel U1320J

Does anyone know what the product number for the 8GB Ram Memory for the Surface Pro 2 or better yet the Logic Board Number? TIA!

Teogenes B Diores Jr - Reply

Image 1/1: Realtek RTS5304
  • Yet more ICs adorn this side of the motherboard:

    • Realtek RTS5304

    • MXIC MX25L4006EZNI 4Mbit SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) Flash

    • Novatek NT96132QG

    • Texas Instruments TPS5162 (ACTIVE) 2-Phase DCAP+ Step-Down Controller

    • ITE IT8528VG

    • Texas Instruments TPS51367 Integrated FET Converter with Ultra-Low Quiescent

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Image 1/1: Intel Core [link|http://ark.intel.com/products/75459/|i5-4200U|new_window=true] Processor
  • The ICy party continues on the back side of the motherboard:

    • Intel Core i5-4200U Processor

    • Novatek NT96132QG

    • Marvell Avastar 88W8797 Integrated 2x2 WLAN/Bluetooth/FM Single-Chip SoC

    • Winbond 25Q128FVSQ Serial Flash presumably the next generation of the previous 25Q64FV

    • Texas Instruments TPS51367 Integrated FET Converter with Ultra-Low Quiescent

    • Winbond 25X05CL Serial Flash

Is there any indication that they updated / changed the MicroSDXC slot vs. the Surface RT? Like adding extra pins to read UHS-1 / 2 cards at faster speeds?

somedorque - Reply

I agree, any news about this?

Raphael Nocherier -

"The display assembly consists of a fused glass panel and LCD, and is extremely difficult to remove and replace."

LOL! That's a good thing. It's called an optically bonded screen, and it's vastly preferable to a non-bonded screen, for obvious reasons.

Besides, what idiot would try and repair his tablet. Send the thing in and get it fixed.

Hubert Hammack - Reply

do you guys have any idea what kind of protocol the (cover) connector has?

tfBullet - Reply

@Hubert Hammack. How long lasts a battery? 2-3 years! So I should throw away my surface, just the battery is damaged? Or I have to pay 300$ or more. I'm quite sure, that in 3 years, I can buy a new surface for that money. So we are just wasting again the resources of earth.

And why the !@#$ I can't change the SSD. Of course, so that I have to pay 1800$ to get the biggest 512GB SDD, instead of 899$ for 64GB. 900$ for 512GB SSD??? There is no excuse for this. It is just stupid and greedy. When MS is able to use 52 screws, why the !@#$, they can't use 4 of then for dismounting the display?!

Helli Hellsfoul - Reply

Samsung 840 EVO 1TB mSATA SSD is only $859.

Double capacity. Same price.

Ronnie -

Hi guys,

I noticed the default SSD is a 1.8" mSATA, but, for instance, the Samsung 840 EVO is a 2.0" mSATA. Do you happen to know if a 2" one would fit (haven't open the Surface Pro 2 yet)?

Adi V -

I use my Surface Pro 2 with an mSATA Samsung 850 EVO ever since the original Liteonit SSD fried. Works like a charm.

lubarts -

Hi,

Who manufactured rear camera and what is the model?

marcin - Reply

Image 1/3: Pretty ironic, considering they clearly know their way around a user-friendly means of securing a battery—[guide|10457|screws|stepid=38135]. Image 2/3: If you're looking for the secret of the Surface Pro 2's juiced-up battery life, look elsewhere: this is the exact same "Escalade" 42 Wh battery we saw earlier this year. Image 3/3: Instead, look to better power management and the [http://www.theverge.com/2013/9/23/4761614/microsoft-surface-pro-2-tablet-announcement|Haswell i5 chip|new_window=true], which ensures that the tablet drinks in moderation.
  • Microsoft still adheres the battery to the rear case and still warns users not to remove it.

    • Pretty ironic, considering they clearly know their way around a user-friendly means of securing a battery—screws.

  • If you're looking for the secret of the Surface Pro 2's juiced-up battery life, look elsewhere: this is the exact same "Escalade" 42 Wh battery we saw earlier this year.

    • Instead, look to better power management and the Haswell i5 chip, which ensures that the tablet drinks in moderation.

  • The two battery cells are wrangled by a Texas Instruments BQ30Z55 cowpoke battery pack manager.

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Image 1/3: The battery is not soldered to the motherboard—so it can be replaced without soldering, if not without great difficulty. Image 2/3: The SSD ''can'' be replaced, but not without first risking damage to the tablet simply by opening it. Image 3/3: There are ''over 90 screws'' inside this device. Mechanical fasteners are great, but frankly, we draw the line at 89.
  • Microsoft Surface Pro 2 Repairability Score: 1 out of 10 (10 is easiest to repair)

  • The battery is not soldered to the motherboard—so it can be replaced without soldering, if not without great difficulty.

  • The SSD can be replaced, but not without first risking damage to the tablet simply by opening it.

  • There are over 90 screws inside this device. Mechanical fasteners are great, but frankly, we draw the line at 89.

  • The display assembly consists of a fused glass panel and LCD, and is extremely difficult to remove and replace.

  • Tons of adhesive hold everything in place, including the display and battery.

  • The delicate and arduous opening procedure leaves no room for mistakes: one slip-up, and you'll likely shear one of the four ribbon cables in the edge of the display.

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11 Comments

Who manufacturedthe antennas?

Geoff Schulteis - Reply

Thanks. I 'll stick with a touch screen ultrabook or a PC. Both of which offer better performance and higher levels of functionality along with the ease of repair. People are being sold a bill of goods with these tablets.

Will Smith - Reply

Is the display the same as the Surface 1?

Richard Lin - Reply

as far as I can tell the screen/digitizers look identical. It would be nice if the surface 2 pictures were high enoughresolution to confirm this- but they are not. Since nobody is willing to pull these apart based on the glue/ and very expensive replacement part ($300.00!!!) we will have to wait and see.

Greg Beeblebrox -

Can you post the weight of the components. It would be very interesting to compare the weight of components of this 2lb machine vs 1lb ipad air

Vishal Shah - Reply

Do you guys can tell me, weather the charging current is limited by the battery itself or if there is a charging controller limiting the current coming from a charger (using a different one)?

Julius Biedermann - Reply

Hi,

I stumbled across this site, looking for an answer to this question: can I buy a cheaper MS Surface Pro 2 and have a friend add more storage and memory later? You have answered that question wonderfully well: Not a chance.

Thanks. Your site is the best.

Kate - Reply

Hello, I would like to know regarding the surface pro 2 where do I purchase the glass display?

Which would be the best way of replacing the display glass?

Would it be best to do the heat gun way or is their a different method?

Donald Flemino - Reply

With my four packs of iFixIt picks and some locally-procured tools I tacked the job of replacing a stuck power switch on my Surface Pro 2. It is every bit the challenge described above. The good news, I was able to complete the repair. The bad news, I pushed too hard on one of the picks and severed a connection under the digitizer and now the left 1/3 of the screen doesn't respond to touch. Bummer. I'm working around it by resizing windows and moving the onscreen keyboard a lot but I might need to go the extra mile and replace the screen. But following these steps I am no longer frightened about tackling that.

Rob Borucki - Reply

my new recently replaced surface pro has died again just like the first one which was sent back and replaced nothing working ive checked all the magnetic plug ins and no response or operations this will be second time ive lost all my information. who do you contact. thanks lynn Harvey.

hivvy43 - Reply

There are a lot of comments about the touchscreen cable glued onto the screen being ripped out. I just opened one based on this guide and I must say the guide was a big help. I took my time and avoided tearing any cables. I started on the side of the camera which is opposite from the cable. My plan was open the three sides and just lift the softened tar tape on the cable side. I used a hair dryer and worked like a charm. Also, the 20 something picks were very very helpful if not crucial in keeping the screen from sticking back on. Another Thing is that the screws are of many different sizes, not fun. Overall, it took me about 15-20 mins to removed the screen safely without any cable damaged. Replaced my dead ssd, now up and running again. The only thing is the screen does stick back on with the old tar tape but will not sit completely flush one before and some area will have that popping issue where tar tape is missing. Still, running great with all functionalities. Thanks ifixit.

Bach - Reply

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