Microsoft Surface Pro 2 Teardown

Teardown

Teardown

Teardowns provide a look inside a device and should not be used as disassembly instructions.

Featured Guide

Featured Guide

This guide has been found to be exceptionally cool by the iFixit staff.

Today, Microsoft adds a new surface to their tablet line. No, not a third dimension—leave those 3D glasses at the theater. Instead, let your friends at iFixit break out the X-ray specs and show you what's inside the new Surface Pro 2.

Want to take a look-see into more iFixit fun? Peer into our Facebook, look through our rose-tinted Instagram lens, or peek at our Twitter.

Edit Step 1 Microsoft Surface Pro 2 Teardown  ¶ 

Image 1/2: 10.6 inch ClearType Full HD Display with a resolution of 1920 x 1080

Edit Step 1 Microsoft Surface Pro 2 Teardown  ¶ 

  • What's beneath the surface of Microsoft's latest tablet? A fair number of puns, but also some familiar, and improved, hardware:

    • 10.6 inch ClearType Full HD Display with a resolution of 1920 x 1080

    • 4th generation Intel® Core™ i5 Processor

    • Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n) + Bluetooth 4.0 Low Energy technology

    • 64/128 GB or 256/512 GB storage capacity

    • 4 GB RAM (models with 64/128 GB storage) or 8 GB RAM (models with 256/512 GB storage)

    • Two 720p HD cameras, front and rear-facing

    • Full-size USB 3.0, Mini DisplayPort, and microSDXC card reader

Edit Step 2  ¶ 

Image 1/3: Oh, how kickstands have progressed [http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e4/Forward_kickstand.JPG|since we were kids|new_window=true] …

Edit Step 2  ¶ 

  • The Surface Pro 2 sports a 2-stage kickstand, with options for a 24 or 40-degree viewing angle.

  • The kickstand is secured with two screws. Happily, our new Pro Tech Screwdriver Set includes the perfect T5 Torx driver to reach in and get this teardown started.

  • The kickstand comes off with little fuss, but if the previous model is any indication, repairability issues will soon begin to … show themselves.

Edit Step 3  ¶ 

Image 1/3: Time to poke a [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyBUMntP6DI&t=22s|plethora|new_window=true] of picks under the now-molten adhesive. The use of oodles of dainty picks over brute force ensures our ribbon cables' protection.

Edit Step 3  ¶ 

  • As pacifists, we prefer our trusty iOpener. But when pushed, we're not afraid to push back with the big (heat) guns.

  • Time to poke a plethora of picks under the now-molten adhesive. The use of oodles of dainty picks over brute force ensures our ribbon cables' protection.

    • Let the record show that you can fit at least 21 iFixit Opening Picks under the display of the Surface Pro 2.

  • We slowly but surely free the Surface Pro 2's display, trapped like a baby diplodocus in a treacherous tar pit of black adhesive.

Edit Step 4  ¶ 

Image 1/3: At first glance things look eerily similar to last time, although the motherboard is a pretty new shade of ...[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMxWLuOFyZM&t=03m21s|blue? Green|new_window=true]?

Edit Step 4  ¶ 

  • We flick aside four ribbon cables, and with that, this tablet's internals are revealed to the world.

  • At first glance things look eerily similar to last time, although the motherboard is a pretty new shade of ...blue? Green?

  • Before we can poke or prod any components, we'll first have to extract the dozens of screws holding this sucker together.

    • And whaddya know—it's the same 52 screws (of 3 different sizes) seen in the previous generation, holding in a plastic bezel and two metal brackets.

  • As much as we love screws, 52 seems like overkill, and we've only just scratched the...exterior of this device.

Edit Step 5  ¶ 

Image 1/3: Changes to the cooling methods from the original Surface Pro are strictly software-based: the fans [http://d3nevzfk7ii3be.cloudfront.net/igi/YPfYKFtlInVkIYW6.large|remain the same], but [http://www.anandtech.com/show/7440/microsoft-surface-pro-2-review|run less frequently|new_window=true] to minimize power usage.

Edit Step 5  ¶ 

  • Finally, the motherboard is free and we can get at the fun stuff.

  • Changes to the cooling methods from the original Surface Pro are strictly software-based: the fans remain the same, but run less frequently to minimize power usage.

  • If you fancy a little copper with your tablet, the Surface Pro 2 has it: a notebook-worthy heat sink rounds out the cooling.

Edit Step 6  ¶ 

Image 1/3: [http://www.skhynix.com/inc/pdfDownload.jsp?path=/ssd/down/Hynix%20mSATA%20SSD%20Datasheet__HFS064_128G3AMNM_(Rev1.0).pdf|SK Hynix HFS128G3AMNB|new_window=true] 128 GB mSATA 6.0 Gbps SSD, using:

Edit Step 6  ¶ 

  • We've got storage! This time around, Microsoft shifts from a Micron/Marvell combination to one single IC manufacturer, SK Hynix.

  • SK Hynix HFS128G3AMNB 128 GB mSATA 6.0 Gbps SSD, using:

    • SK Hynix H27QEGDVEBLR 32 GB NAND Flash (four ICs for 128 GB total)

    • SK Hynix H5PS2G63JMR 32 MB DDR2 SDRAM

    • Link A Media LM87800AA SSD Controller

1 Edit Step 7  ¶ 

Image 1/1: SK Hynix H9CCNNN8JTML 8 Gb (1 GB)  LPDDR3 RAM (total of 4 * 1 GB = 4 GB)

1 Edit Step 7  ¶ 

  • The ICs on the front side of the motherboard may look like little black squares on the (ahem) outside, but underneath they house some high-tech brainpower:

    • SK Hynix H9CCNNN8JTML 8 Gb (1 GB) LPDDR3 RAM (total of 4 * 1 GB = 4 GB)

    • Atmel MXT154E Touchscreen Controllers

    • Atmel UC256L3U 256KB Flash, 32-bit AVR Microcontroller

    • Winbond 25X40CL1G 4M-bit Serial Flash

    • Parade PS6625

    • Realtek ALC3230 Audio Codec

    • Atmel U1320J

Edit Step 8  ¶ 

Image 1/1: Realtek RTS5304

Edit Step 8  ¶ 

  • Yet more ICs adorn this side of the motherboard:

    • Realtek RTS5304

    • MXIC MX25L4006EZNI 4Mbit SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) Flash

    • Novatek NT96132QG

    • Texas Instruments TPS5162 (ACTIVE) 2-Phase DCAP+ Step-Down Controller

    • ITE IT8528VG

    • Texas Instruments TPS51367 Integrated FET Converter with Ultra-Low Quiescent

8 Edit Step 9  ¶ 

Image 1/1: Intel Core [link|http://ark.intel.com/products/75459/|i5-4200U|new_window=true] Processor

8 Edit Step 9  ¶ 

  • The ICy party continues on the back side of the motherboard:

    • Intel Core i5-4200U Processor

    • Novatek NT96132QG

    • Marvell Avastar 88W8797 Integrated 2x2 WLAN/Bluetooth/FM Single-Chip SoC

    • Winbond 25Q128FVSQ Serial Flash presumably the next generation of the previous 25Q64FV

    • Texas Instruments TPS51367 Integrated FET Converter with Ultra-Low Quiescent

    • Winbond 25X05CL Serial Flash

Edit Step 10  ¶ 

Image 1/3: Pretty ironic, considering they clearly know their way around a user-friendly means of securing a battery—[guide|10457|screws|stepid=38135].

Edit Step 10  ¶ 

  • Microsoft still adheres the battery to the rear case and still warns users not to remove it.

    • Pretty ironic, considering they clearly know their way around a user-friendly means of securing a battery—screws.

  • If you're looking for the secret of the Surface Pro 2's juiced-up battery life, look elsewhere: this is the exact same "Escalade" 42 Wh battery we saw earlier this year.

    • Instead, look to better power management and the Haswell i5 chip, which ensures that the tablet drinks in moderation.

  • The two battery cells are wrangled by a Texas Instruments BQ30Z55 cowpoke battery pack manager.

Edit Step 11  ¶ 

Image 1/3: The battery is not soldered to the motherboard—so it can be replaced without soldering, if not without great difficulty.

Edit Step 11  ¶ 

  • Microsoft Surface Pro 2 Repairability Score: 1 out of 10 (10 is easiest to repair)

  • The battery is not soldered to the motherboard—so it can be replaced without soldering, if not without great difficulty.

  • The SSD can be replaced, but not without first risking damage to the tablet simply by opening it.

  • There are over 90 screws inside this device. Mechanical fasteners are great, but frankly, we draw the line at 89.

  • The display assembly consists of a fused glass panel and LCD, and is extremely difficult to remove and replace.

  • Tons of adhesive hold everything in place, including the display and battery.

  • The delicate and arduous opening procedure leaves no room for mistakes: one slip-up, and you'll likely shear one of the four ribbon cables in the edge of the display.

18 Comments

Who manufacturedthe antennas?

Geoff Schulteis - Reply

Thanks. I 'll stick with a touch screen ultrabook or a PC. Both of which offer better performance and higher levels of functionality along with the ease of repair. People are being sold a bill of goods with these tablets.

Will Smith - Reply

Is the display the same as the Surface 1?

Richard Lin - Reply

as far as I can tell the screen/digitizers look identical. It would be nice if the surface 2 pictures were high enoughresolution to confirm this- but they are not. Since nobody is willing to pull these apart based on the glue/ and very expensive replacement part ($300.00!!!) we will have to wait and see.

Greg Beeblebrox -

Can you post the weight of the components. It would be very interesting to compare the weight of components of this 2lb machine vs 1lb ipad air

Vishal Shah - Reply

Do you guys can tell me, weather the charging current is limited by the battery itself or if there is a charging controller limiting the current coming from a charger (using a different one)?

Julius Biedermann - Reply

Hi,

I stumbled across this site, looking for an answer to this question: can I buy a cheaper MS Surface Pro 2 and have a friend add more storage and memory later? You have answered that question wonderfully well: Not a chance.

Thanks. Your site is the best.

Kate - Reply

Hello, I would like to know regarding the surface pro 2 where do I purchase the glass display?

Which would be the best way of replacing the display glass?

Would it be best to do the heat gun way or is their a different method?

Donald Flemino - Reply

With my four packs of iFixIt picks and some locally-procured tools I tacked the job of replacing a stuck power switch on my Surface Pro 2. It is every bit the challenge described above. The good news, I was able to complete the repair. The bad news, I pushed too hard on one of the picks and severed a connection under the digitizer and now the left 1/3 of the screen doesn't respond to touch. Bummer. I'm working around it by resizing windows and moving the onscreen keyboard a lot but I might need to go the extra mile and replace the screen. But following these steps I am no longer frightened about tackling that.

Rob Borucki - Reply

Does anyone know what the product number for the 8GB Ram Memory for the Surface Pro 2 or better yet the Logic Board Number? TIA!

Teogenes B Diores Jr - Reply

Is there any indication that they updated / changed the MicroSDXC slot vs. the Surface RT? Like adding extra pins to read UHS-1 / 2 cards at faster speeds?

somedorque - Reply

I agree, any news about this?

Raphael Nocherier -

"The display assembly consists of a fused glass panel and LCD, and is extremely difficult to remove and replace."

LOL! That's a good thing. It's called an optically bonded screen, and it's vastly preferable to a non-bonded screen, for obvious reasons.

Besides, what idiot would try and repair his tablet. Send the thing in and get it fixed.

Hubert Hammack - Reply

do you guys have any idea what kind of protocol the (cover) connector has?

tfBullet - Reply

@Hubert Hammack. How long lasts a battery? 2-3 years! So I should throw away my surface, just the battery is damaged? Or I have to pay 300$ or more. I'm quite sure, that in 3 years, I can buy a new surface for that money. So we are just wasting again the resources of earth.

And why the !@#$ I can't change the SSD. Of course, so that I have to pay 1800$ to get the biggest 512GB SDD, instead of 899$ for 64GB. 900$ for 512GB SSD??? There is no excuse for this. It is just stupid and greedy. When MS is able to use 52 screws, why the !@#$, they can't use 4 of then for dismounting the display?!

Helli Hellsfoul - Reply

Samsung 840 EVO 1TB mSATA SSD is only $859.

Double capacity. Same price.

Ronnie -

Hi guys,

I noticed the default SSD is a 1.8" mSATA, but, for instance, the Samsung 840 EVO is a 2.0" mSATA. Do you happen to know if a 2" one would fit (haven't open the Surface Pro 2 yet)?

Adi V -

Hi,

Who manufactured rear camera and what is the model?

marcin - Reply