Sometimes you'll have an out-of-warranty video card that is basically now a paper-weight.

If you were going to throw it out anyway and you have an oven and common-sense you have a chance of temporarily repairing the card/chip by re-flowing the solder or heating the bumps under the Surface-mount chip.

Obviously as with any guide that involves an oven you might burn your house down or burn your hands or inhale toxic fumes or whatever, please don't do anything that you don't feel comfortable doing.

However if the warnings don't scare you, continue through the guide.

Please note that the guide has been edited by a few people over the years - some parts are not my original writing



Remove the video card (if it's installed in the system)
  • Remove the video card (if it's installed in the system)

Thank you so much Gaspard, I really wondered by hearing this technique. I will surely do this next time rather than throwing it in the bin :)

Chris Edwards - Reply

If the card is still under warranty, get it repaired by the manufacturer.  Otherwise, continue with this guide.
  • If the card is still under warranty, get it repaired by the manufacturer. Otherwise, continue with this guide.

Precision screwdriver(s) -- usually Phillips #0 and/or #1 for the fan and anything else screwed onto the graphics card
  • Precision screwdriver(s) -- usually Phillips #0 and/or #1 for the fan and anything else screwed onto the graphics card

  • Aluminium foil to cover heat sensitive components and to prop up the card on your baking tray

  • Some thermal paste to replace the paste you clean off the chips

  • Paper towel to rub any excess of old heatsink compound from the components

  • An oven

  • A baking tray

Preheat the oven to 385F (195C).
  • Preheat the oven to 385F (195C).

  • If you've already finished this guide once and are baking again, increase the temperature slightly -- 395F (200C) or 400F (205C).

  • Solder melts at different temperatures depending on the type, so if you're squeamish, you might start at 375F.

  • Due to new information - most of these temporary repairs are only expanding/shrinking of bumps under the graphics chip surface-mount, so lower heat might work too.

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While the oven is pre-heating:
  • While the oven is pre-heating:

    • Remove the screws or clips holding your fan and heatsink and any ductwork from the video card.

    • Gently take the fan/heatsink off.

    • Remove any old heatsink compound from the chips (using a paper towel). --NOTE some of the memory or other chips might have heat pads, only remove those if you have a replacement!

    • Place the screws in a safe place.

    • Be sure there are not many or any plastic components on the board, if there are, they might melt.

    • I usually prop up the video card on small scrunched up balls of aluminium-foil (in the corners) so the board doesn't rest on any components.

Be patient! -- if your oven has a window you'll probably see the solder melt when it gets really shiny.
  • Be patient! -- if your oven has a window you'll probably see the solder melt when it gets really shiny.

  • You want to heat the GPU SLOWLY.

  • 5 -10 mins at 200 - 220 C° (395 - 425 F°)

    • My experience: PS3 - 6 minutes, Xbox - 4-6 minutes, desktop boards -12 minutes , laptop boards - 8-12 minutes, GFX - 8-15min.

    • Use this as a guide only - not a golden rule, different materials will melt at different rates.

    • NOTE: who is "My" in the box above?? - The original Author "Gaspard" here; I never had this step in my version of the guide, and I only ever tried this on a video card, not a laptop or desktop or console

    • Re-flowing might work for some circuit-boards, but new more scientific data has revealed that most "quick, temporary" repairs like this are actually caused by expanding and contracting "Bumps" on the bottom of the surface mount chips such as the main GPU or the memory modules (which can happen at lower temperatures as well)

Once the oven is at the required temperature, set a timer for 8-12 minutes. Place the baking sheet or dish in the middle of the oven.
  • Once the oven is at the required temperature, set a timer for 8-12 minutes.

  • Place the baking sheet or dish in the middle of the oven.

  • Do not leave the oven unattended at any cost!

Can you specify which side to have up?

gixmto - Reply

When ready, open the oven door - let smoke out. Keep opening and closing about 5 to 10 times, this equalises temperature differences.
  • When ready, open the oven door - let smoke out. Keep opening and closing about 5 to 10 times, this equalises temperature differences.

  • Hold your tray firmly. Be careful, try not to touch anything or make sudden moves as components can be dislodged while the solder is still soft.

  • You will notice a smell from the molten solder/flux.

  • Leave the card to cool for a while. Note that using fans to accelerate the cooling process might result in weaker joints or unsuccessful re-flow.

does the power connector will be effected by heat or no?

Hisham - Reply

You have 2 options:
  • You have 2 options:

    • 1. Test the card quickly without reinstalling the fan/heatsink.

    • 2. Reinstall the fan/heatsink, then test the card.

  • Most people will want to test the card to see if it powers on and passes the POST.

  • If you are trying it without the heatsink/fan, DO NOT run it for longer than 30 seconds.

  • If the card still doesn't work after baking, you may repeat the process and might need to increase its time.

Apply some thermal grease onto the main chip and everywhere else where that is necessary. Use only a small amount of thermal paste  and spread evenly over the surface using a piece of cardboard or a credit card for example.
  • Apply some thermal grease onto the main chip and everywhere else where that is necessary.

  • Use only a small amount of thermal paste and spread evenly over the surface using a piece of cardboard or a credit card for example.

  • "NEW" information: You can also just use the "Rice/pea" option where you place a small pea or large grain of rice sized blob of thermal paste in the middle of the cleaned GPU and the pressure of applying the heat-sink will spread it out evenly

  • If there is thermal tape or pads that were removed for the reflow, place these back in their original position.

Place the heat-sink over the GPU carefully, lining up any screws or clips. Insert and tighten all the screws carefully! They are usually quite small, and the PCB may be damaged if the screws are over tightened.
  • Place the heat-sink over the GPU carefully, lining up any screws or clips.

  • Insert and tighten all the screws carefully! They are usually quite small, and the PCB may be damaged if the screws are over tightened.

  • Tighten the screws in an alternating pattern. E.G. Top left, Bottom right, Top right, Bottom left. With more than 4 screws, use a "Star" pattern when tightening the screws ensuring all screws are evenly tightened.

  • If you notice any dust, make sure to clean that as well.

Verify that the fan was reconnected (if there is one).
  • Verify that the fan was reconnected (if there is one).

  • Verify that the fan spins when the PC is powered up.

  • Make sure the GPU works when loading up in Windows, etc.

  • A good program to get is GPU-Z. it can display the GPU temperature on supported cards.


Final note: it might or might not work depending on the problem with your card, and the type of card, however if the card is a paperweight already, it's worth a shot! ;)

Gaspard Leon - Reply

My GTX 570 failed dramatically yesterday not even allowing booting into the Windows environment. After 10 minutes on gas mark 5 (and a half) all is well this morning. I had seen this technique used on games consoles, but never considered it for PC cards. Thanks VERY MUCH for this guide.

Christopher Jones - Reply

My GTX 460 has been failing for about 2 weeks and until yesterday has been displaying white lines even during the BIOS POST. I wasn't willing to try this on my mother's oven, instead I used a heat gun and a laser thermometer to monitor the temperature. I started at the lowest temperature possible and gradually increasing until ~160°C, applying heat mostly on the memory chips and GPU for about 10 min. The problem has vanished completely :D

Even though I didn't quite follow this guide, it gave me useful directions, thanks!

AndreLDM - Reply

Finish Line

37 other people completed this guide.

Gaspard Leon

Member since: 04/24/2010

983 Reputation

5 Guides authored

I fixed my friends dead out-of-warranty Leadtek Geforce 8800 GTS 640MB card using this procedure

That was 3 weeks ago, and he's still using it daily since then

We forgot to plug in the fan connector and his temperatures reached 124C while playing a game

Since then he reconnected his fan and it's working fine

Thanks for reading, hope it helps someone

Gaspard Leon - Reply

How long did your reflowed graphics card last? Is it still rocking?

Lim Chi Yuung -

The card did eventually fail, i believe around 4 months later - the guy ended up buying a new card

Gaspard Leon -

Hi everyone,

I also fixed a almost dead NVIDIA 512mb MXM II card, at the first point I put the card 8 min to 190ºC aprox, it improved the performance but not yet to run.

Then i repeated the operation with 205ºC and 10 min and the card ran perfectly, add some thermal paste and it's solved.

Thanks for this manual it's very usefull!!!

javier - Reply

I just finished doing this with an evga gtx460 i got from a friend of mine. It was throwing up artifacts and crashing constantly before. Now it's stable for over 10 minutes. It looks like it's fixed but only time will tell. Wish me luck and thanks for the guide!

Chris S - Reply

It is such a nice way you have done it but the process need too much care and there is a big threat of PCB damage due to manual working so you need to be more careful and if someone is worried about the PCB he need to get a better auto pick and place BGA rework station this is specially made for these types of reworking. Here I have seen some blogs that have so many machines and process you can choose according to the type of reworking you want. I am sure you will like it.

Harry Potter - Reply

i was very worried about my oven because it not heating well now i have learn a lot from here ...

Andre Matthew - Reply

Hi all i did exactly wat needed to be done my card buggered up while playing Diablo 3 with all settings to max performance and max graphics quality i baked my card and it worked putting my mind at rest in fear of spending hundreds on a new card so this guide has saved my computer and has saved my hip pocket ( only thing is cant be sure enough on how long this will last ) also my graphics card is a PowerColor Radeon HD 7850 2GB GDDR5 (AX7850 2GBD5-DH) just to give you an idea on wat type of card i have and if similiar cards to mine will work also by doing this guide

Shane Blewitt - Reply

How long did your reflowed graphics card last? Is it still rocking?

Lim Chi Yuung -

Report to your duty sir!!

mine transistor exploded at @ 15minutes *evga gtx 570

Dis madafaka guy is txt'ing me, thats why i exceeded the 10min...

rakman jnaide - Reply

@ mods :

sorry gona double comment...

- (for grammar improvement's & more details)

- for humanity (yeah! let's help humans xD , @ants go help your selves)

Reporting to your duty sir(s)!!

mine, transistor (am I correct that cylindrical silver colored thingy,1 transistor only pop'ed) exploded at @ 15minutes mark

*evga gtx 570

cause, Dis madafaking guy *i dont even know* just txt'ed me at wrong time, like, wth (he must be a !&&* sent demon for me

thats why i exceeded the 10min mark...

followed every steps correct'ly

rakman jnaide - Reply


sorry for triple posting !!

omg!! just tested my evga gtx 570 , it worked !!!

(so that cylindrical thing is just a cover.... my bad..

now, i need to observe if its stability...

rakman jnaide - Reply

My brother's GTX 560 started acting up after 3.5 years, showing stutter in Windows boot-up, games and any other graphics-intensive task and inability to run 1080p. He was ready to dump €150-€200 on a new one but I talked him into trying to reflow it despite his safety conserns. Having never tried to reflow any electronic component, let alone in a home oven, I was a bit precarious and only "baked" it for 10 minutes at 190oC. Then I let it cool for 15 minutes with the oven door closed, followed by another 15 minutes with the door open.

IT WORKED! The look on his face was priceless. Problem is, he was kind of wishing to have to get a new one. :)

gstouras - Reply

This works for me. Thanks so much. I have ATI R9 270x 4GB Sapphire that displays red pixelated lines on bios and it does not display after loading the OS. I just remove the fan and heatsink, clean up left over thermal paste, put it in the oven(used aluminum foil to avoid touching the tray). put the oven on 200C and set it for 5 minutes. after that i test it and it worked.

snotorio - Reply

What about plastic parts on laptop board?

Arman - Reply

With a laptop board it is best to use a heatgun.

Pip -

Gts 450 was fixed. I was anxious and scared to try this but im glad i did. I wrapped the card in foil only leaving the graphics chip exposed. I put it on the oven toaster for about 7-8 minuted and now the lines were gone. Im on a desktop by the way. Thanks!1

Arkaem - Reply

It works better with a heat gun and then you can focus the heat on the gpu instead of the other components. I've done it on quite a few graphics cards, mac mini gpu's and some laptop motherboards. I run the heat gun on high for 4 minutes and heat the surrounding area so it doesn't bend or warp and focus most of the heat on the GPU.

Tim Porter - Reply

Last night my 7850 pcs+ wont boot up so tried this thing and it works! Thank you so much!! Will be updating here next week if my card is still running :D i hope it this will last a year or more tho

Karl Kangleon - Reply

Anyone reading this guide in 2016 - please note that the premise is a bit flawed, you're not really "re-flowing" the solder on the circuit-board, at least that's not the part that fixes the card usually, it's a temporary expansion or contraction of the "bumps" underneath the surface-mount chips the GPU or memory modules that causes the card to work again (at least for a while) the upshot of this is that even a temperature that doesn't melt the solder can actually work for a while as well.

Gaspard Leon - Reply

I had a GTX560 Ti from Asus,green artefacts,crashes,only worked on 1024x768 with no acceleration,tried this tehnique around 11 minutes at aprox.200°C and it worked flawlessly,now let's see for how long.i also installed MSI Afterburner and pumped up the idle fan load to 40% just to be sure it stays cool,hope this helped someone.

PS:plastic objects on the board will melt,so you better remove them

bularcaanca - Reply

I just fixed a GTX460 by putting it in the oven at 190 degrees Celsius for 8 minutes. Used the trick with the scrunched up balls of aluminium-foil and it worked! Amazing. Before, I had these horizontal white lines all over the screen. Removed the plastic with the fan and covered up the plastic connections with aluminium-foil.

Sam Decrock - Reply

Yes! Buggy, half dead Radeon 7970 salvaged from the trash. Baked at 195-ish degrees C for about 8 min.

But come on, why is everyone making aluminum foil balls? Make little cones, much more stable. :)

hansson1984 - Reply

This fix is still going strong!

Second time repair now for my aging 8800 GTS....(having also previously resurrected an old RROD X360 board with the same method). It was displaying classic artifacts..Blue vertical lines across the screen and disrupted graphics.

Preheat oven to 220C (200C with Fan assist)

Remove everything...connectors, heatsink, fan, thermal pads and paste.

Clean gently but thoroughly - if using tissue; blow to ensure no fibres remain.

Protect all but GPU by wrapping in Aluminium foil.

Rest the board on four little scrunch balls of foil on a baking tray (normal side up).

Cook for exactly 10 minutes.

Remove immediately and allow to cool for at least 30 mins.

Check the board is OK by starting up PC with naked board...Do not run for more than 1-2 minutes without heatsink!!!

Reapply thermal pads and paste, heastsink, fan and power connector for the fan (if needed).

Reinstall and you are good to go...

Last fix worked for about 10 weeks...I'll let you know how long this one goes for.

Daniel Davies - Reply

Instructions unclear... my dick is now stuck in the toaster...

Dan mone - Reply



Gaspard Leon -

I repaired my GTX660 TI. I did everything as described and cooked it for 9 Minutes. I used a towel to get the card out of the oven as my oven gloves were too thick and the card constantly slipped out of my hand ;-)

Hayo Greenwood - Reply

Trying to fix a gtx 980 Ti the oven fix made it work for like a few minutes then it died, I retried the procedure and it died in a few seconds.. Any advise?

cryptonite26 - Reply

This is just a temporary fix, and shouldn't be treated as permanent. The next step up would be to have the chip removed, use a stencil to reapply solder on all the contacts, and then when the chip is perfectly in place it gets melted from the other side (through the chip) to melt it down before letting it cool.

Due to the difficultly involved in doing all this, I wouldn't take doing this lightly.

Jason -

Reballing is the right method not this bullshit

Peppigners 1980 -

Wish I could fix my GTX 1080 like this =/ *sigh Guess I'll just have to RMA the card via Gigabyte.. That's gonna be a real pain in the ass -_-

jafaruddin93 - Reply

Success with a Radeon HD 5670 on a thrift store box I'm planning on flipping! Thanks for the guide.

gixmto - Reply

YO GUYS Heres a tip when putting it in the oven u can make it work even better ,talking from personal experience ,put a socket from a ratcheton on the gpu (21 in my case) it work like a charm :) And srsly i am not joking :)

Nedko Kostadinov - Reply

can someone tell me what setting to use on the oven, up and bot heating or air circulation?

Anukun Thurner - Reply

A complete alternative to this guide is to just identify the chip that needs reflowing, and using a heat gun to heat it up. If you have or can get something like kapton tape, do so. It can be used to shield everything around the chip you are heating up from being exposed to the same amount of heat and causing their own problem. Otherwise, use aluminium foil, along with some clips (I find the tiny ones you use for crafting work best, but be creative). Then finally heat away, making sure you have some understanding of what is too hot or not hot enough.

Jason - Reply

My GTX 670 showed sometimes some symptoms of corrupt VRAM in 2D mode evident as 2D artifacts but never in 3D games. After the symptoms also occured as 2D artifacts in 3D games the card crashed and wouldn't allow booting.

So I baked it. Now the GTX 670 works again, or at least I didn't damage it. I put the card on baking paper and on a rost. Nevertheless, I did three mistakes. 1) Preheated to 210°C and THEN put the card in. Bad. 2) after 5min increased to quite high 220°C. Bad. After 10min I saw that one display port jumped off and all the capacitors were tilted sideways. 3) I quickly pulled the card out to ambient temperature. Bad.

Luckily I put the card with the GPU, the capacitors and all the other heavy parts upwards, otherwise they would have fallen off ("pro tip" :D). Now the card works again and I lost a DP port. :D Although it works now, I'll probably get a new card.

lukie80 - Reply

Thanks! I'm so happy that you at least proved that even with some mistakes, this method may still be working though! No worries about trying to be so careful (if you're ok with losing a DP port LOL). Thanks for the comment bro!

Gom zalito -

Is it safe to use the oven afterwards to cook food, etc.

Does baking your gpu in your oven make your oven toxic and unusable to cook food in?

Tanner McKay - Reply

I don't think so. Most components in there (included plastic) can support more than 250°C so you're not incinerating anything that creates any fumes. I suppose a burnt pizza leaves more toxic fumes than baking a GPU, IMHO.

Gom zalito -

Of course is toxix, many acids used in the industrial process will evaporate in your Oven and in your Lungs

Peppigners 1980 -

This Method is very stupid and dangerous because you give an amount of heat on all the card and not all the components are thermo resistant till 200-220 Celsius , is so hard to buy a cheap heating gun and giving heat only on the GPU instead of all the card???? This method is dangerous also for your health bevause all the chemical substances used in the industrial process for the production od the card will evaporate in your oven and in your lungs…….if you are happy do it but if you are a bit intelligent take a heat gun or a rework station to do the reflow procedure……..bye

Peppigners 1980 -

Done it with my R9 270X from Club3D. Someone there decided that 1 fan was enough. Baked it for 9 minutes @200 degrees celcius. It kind of revived it! Thanks to all the commenters, if you weren't here I would NOT have tried this!

tristan-floyd - Reply

Oh boy, so satisfactory! Im here to post that I've done it with my 4yrs old EVGA 560Ti. 4 days ago, it crashed while I was gaming and after that it started to show artifacts on BIOS, on setup, on POST, and even on windows load, it wouldn't boot either (crashing with BSOD driver reset error), although I could boot on Safe Mode (with millions of artifacts) and saw this guide, and all these comments that made me try it at last.

So, I've cooked it for 12 mins at low temp in my gas oven (don't have thermometer so I decided to put it in medium).

After slowly cooling it first near the oven and then blowing with a fan some cool air from outside, I tested it with no luck (I forgot to connect the power cable, but didn't realize LOL) and decided to put it for another 8 minutes in the oven at maximum.

I instantly tried again, and after it doesn't boot I finally realize I wasn't connecting the power (so dumb of me lol). After that it booted up again normally! So far it's working now, I'll post whenever it dies again!

Gom zalito - Reply

Due to hard times, losing a job and all...I tried this. I Have a Evga 560ti. Its over 6 years old. The first time it artifacted was in may 2016. I baked it in my microwave Oven for 8 mins at 190C. Card started working great. It worked well for a year. Then it started artifacting again in July 2017. I baked it again and it started working again. But since July 2017 It seems to start artifacting after 2 weeks. And subsequently I have baked it 3 times already. It works but only for a few weeks at a time.

So the lesson is the first bake and success story lasts the longest. Subsequent bakes don't last long.

I think its time to plunk down for a new card. Whats saddening is that last year summer 2016 there was the gtx 1060... And this year still its the gtx 1060... Nvidia didn't release any new cards!

Lurker316 - Reply

You need a professional reballing if you want that your card lasts more time

Peppigners 1980 -

Did this on my son's hd 7870, it lasted a year.... My son started leaving his PC on all night and it crapped out again. Going to redo it and see if I get lucky again. Lol. But a year fix for such a simple method isn't bad at all.

Indigo Cordova (Indigo79) - Reply

If I understand correctly, reflowing does not solve the problem in the long run because it actually lies in the solder bump area within the underfill, where the main die makes contact with the substrate.

These are tiny balls, almost impossible to fix but with the application of heat the problem is temporarily rectified so as the underfill is moved around etc and some contact may be re-made temporarily, but is largely design error in the chip production and in the end a full swap out is the only real solution.

The issue is *not* in the larger solder balls found where the substrate makes connection to the board, as most people expect.

But it could be in some cases with a warped or bent board.

BHelweg - Reply

I baked my 780Ti and it works. While in baking, DP port, HDMI port, and 6 silver capacitor were peeling off lol. I baked with 200c at 8 minutes. I solder back that 6 capacitor, but seem impossible to solder back the DP and HDMI port because too small pins. I hope this reviving card will last forever huhu..

Azreim Amy - Reply


I have a GTX580 (bought 07/2012) which last weekend started showing artifacts on my screen. After doing all the relevant research for software related issues and before going to buy a new (yet expensive) GTX1070ti, I googled “how to fix graphics card”. I ended up here.

After the “baking” process (205oC - 12 minutes) I am really happy to say that the card seems to now work! I hope that it will continue so up until Xmas.

Thank you!!

Marinos Klouras - Reply

GTX 580, artifacts…fixed and working like new…

saved me from buying new gtx 1080…This is beautiful hack

Mr. Architect - Reply

I did this on an AMD R7 265 and after exactly 20 days it died again! Will try to cook it again! Like the title says “temporarily repair”… You should do this while browse for a new gpu. Just bought a 1060 for replace it.

Regis Souza - Reply

Second cook, day one… all good for now!

Regis Souza -

I have tried this on my GTX 970, baked it for 8 minutes in 200 c.

I hooked it up, the display goes on but the resolution is set on 600X800.

Goes into windows, can’t change the resolution, so I tried to reinstall the drivers but it didn’t do anything.

Suddenly the screen goes off, I restart my PC and it works the same way until it gets to the sign in screen, then it turns off.

Any ideas before I give up on it?

Amir - Reply

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