Microsoft Surface Pro Teardown

Teardown

Teardown

Teardowns provide a look inside a device and should not be used as disassembly instructions.

Featured Guide

Featured Guide

This guide has been found to be exceptionally cool by the iFixit staff.

It's a laptop! It's a tablet! It's a lablet! It's…it's…Microsoft's Surface Windows 8 Pro, and it's about to go down on the teardown table.

Want more super gadget gutting? Follow us on Twitter or like us on Facebook.

Maybe one day we could combine those, as well, to get Facer or Twitbook! But for now, we will settle for Microsoft's newest lablet.

Edit Step 1 Microsoft Surface Pro Teardown  ¶ 

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Edit Step 1 Microsoft Surface Pro Teardown  ¶ 

  • Here lies the second version of Surface devices, the Microsoft Surface Pro.

  • Noteworthy specs:

    • Windows 8, the real deal

    • 10.6" ClearType HD Display (resolution of 1920x1080 pixels) with 10 point multitouch

    • 3rd Gen Intel Core i5 Processor with Intel HD Graphics 4000 (the same graphics found in current-generation MacBook Air laptops)

    • 4 GB of DDR3-1600 RAM

    • 64 GB or 128 GB flash storage

    • Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n) and Bluetooth 4.0

Edit Step 2  ¶ 

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Edit Step 2  ¶ 

  • Despite its name's implication, the Microsoft Surface Pro actually has multiple surfaces! This design may have been to confuse consumers, but more likely was necessary to suit our perception of three dimensions. Checking out the surfaces fitted with the ports we find:

    • Headset jack

    • Volume rocker

    • Full-size USB 3.0 port

  • On the flipside:

    • Mini DisplayPort

    • Magnetic charging port

    • MicroSDXC card slot

Edit Step 3  ¶ 

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Edit Step 3  ¶ 

  • Just like last time, we lift the kickstand and let the Surface reveal its secrets.

  • What wisdom does this Pro have for us?

    • "Surface | 64 GB | Model 1514 | Made in China." Also, great news: this device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Good to know.

  • 64 GB of storage? Where we're going, we don't need storage.

    • …which is good, since the operating system takes up over half of those 64 gigs! (More on that later.)

  • We begin our trip back into the land of torn down devices; we first use our trusty T5 Torx screwdriver to pull out two screws securing the kickstand to its hinges.

Edit Step 4  ¶ 

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Edit Step 4  ¶ 

  • We are starting to miss the old Surface, as we find a metric duckload of adhesive holding the screen in place.

  • We tried every method we could think of to free the screen, including cutting the adhesive, to no avail. This Pro requires a pro method. Thankfully, we have one: we call it the Heat-It-Up-and-Poke-It-Til-It-Does-What-We-Want method. Luckily, we have the required heat gun and guitar picks ready.

Edit Step 5  ¶ 

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Edit Step 5  ¶ 

  • After a long process of heating and prying, we get our first glance inside.

  • No, that sticky black stuff is not tar, although it is unbelievably close in function, appearance, and smell.

  • There was no warranty voiding sticker this round, but you don't really need one to tell if this lablet has been opened—the adhesive is a dead giveaway.

Edit Step 6  ¶ 

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Edit Step 6  ¶ 

  • Strapped to the back of the LCD is a small PCB housing a Wacom W9002 chip, that we assume is responsible for driving the Wacom Electro Magnetic Resonance (EMR) digitizer system.

    • In this system, developed by Wacom, a grid of wires embedded in the screen generate magnetic fields that induce current in a coil in the tip of the tablet pen, both powering it and indicating its position over the grid. The pen then wirelessly returns that location data, along with pressure and click information.

  • We also found the LCD display driver, a Samsung WiseView N52A2NE, similar to the driver found in the iPad 2.

    • Here's the ginormous version of the LCD display board so you can view it in all its glory.

Edit Step 7  ¶ 

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Edit Step 7  ¶ 

  • Let's face it, there's really not much to see here. Eye can't think of anything clever, so if anyone nose something to say about the Surface Pro with its display removed, please mouth your opinion. I mustache you to keep thinking while eyebrows the interwebs.

  • Puns aside, we whip out our handy screwdriver and remove the 23 screws holding this plastic bezel in place.

Edit Step 8  ¶ 

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Edit Step 8  ¶ 

  • With the gluey plastic bezel clear of the device, we gain access to the front-facing camera.

  • While this 720p HD "LifeCam with TrueColor" is nothing to write home about, it's on par with both the MacBook Air and iPad's front-facing cams.

Edit Step 9  ¶ 

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Edit Step 9  ¶ 

  • Open the pod bay doors please, HAL.

  • Oh…That turned out to be a lot easier than we expected. Apparently our screwdriver is much better at listening to us than a rogue computer.

  • Although it's easier to remove screws than adhesive, there is no shortage of work. These two metal plates are held in with a total of 29 screws.

Edit Step 10  ¶ 

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Edit Step 10  ¶ 

  • We use our ESD-safe tweezers to safely remove the volume buttons and headphone jack, which are tied together in a neat package by a ribbon cable.

  • So much for listening to the Pro's Grammy commercial.

Edit Step 11  ¶ 

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Edit Step 11  ¶ 

  • We've cracked the surface (figuratively speaking, of course—we would never damage a device…), but we continue digging deeper with our spudger and screwdriver until we can remove the motherboard assembly and the SSD.

Edit Step 12  ¶ 

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Edit Step 12  ¶ 

  • The Micron RealSSD C400 packs 64 GB of storage capacity. It can read 500MB/s and write 95 MB/s — all in a tiny 1.8" form factor.

  • Digging a little deeper, we find that a Marvell 88SS9174 SSD processor is keeping all those Micron flash ICs running smoothly.

  • PSA: The Windows 8 operating system chows down a fair chunk of the 64 GB total storage. After negating 30+ GB for the operating system, the full MS Office suite that you may not have even activated, as well as the factory restore image, the Surface Pro provides users with around 29 GB of usable space.

    • 128 GB-outfitted owners make do with 89 GB of free space. Ed Bott performed some tests comparing it to the 128 GB MacBook Air, which has 99.5 GB free space.

Edit Step 13  ¶ 

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Edit Step 13  ¶ 

Edit Step 14  ¶ 

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Edit Step 14  ¶ 

  • Checking out the top surface of the motherboard:

    • 8x Micron 2LEI2 D9PXV 4 Gb RAM for a total of 4 GB RAM

    • Integrated Technology Express IT8519G

    • Atmel UC256l3U 256KB Flash, 32-bit AVR Microcontroller

    • ON NCP6132A 3 Phase Controller

    • Atmel MXT1386E Touchscreen Controller

    • 3x Atmel MXT154E Touchscreen Controllers (the same controllers we found in the Surface RT)

    • Realtek ALC3230 Audio Codec

Edit Step 15  ¶ 

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Edit Step 15  ¶ 

  • And tucked underneath, on the bottom:

    • Intel Mobile HM77 Express Chipset

    • Intel Core i5-3317U Processor

    • Marvell Avastar 88W8797 Wireless/Bluetooth/FM Radio Controller

    • Novatek NT96132QG46

    • 2x Winbond 25X05CL Serial Flash

    • Winbond 25Q64FV Serial Flash

Edit Step 16  ¶ 

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Edit Step 16  ¶ 

  • A few more flicks of the spudger and out come the stereo speakers.

  • Next up is the keyboard dock connector. The same type of port is used in both the Pro and non-Pro versions of the Surface, allowing the Type Cover keyboard to be cross-compatible.

Edit Step 17  ¶ 

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Edit Step 17  ¶ 

  • More parts fly out of the Pro including the power connector and rear-facing camera.

    • The rear camera resolution is the same 720P as the front, so the Surface Pro may not be the best replacement for your Nikon D600 SLR.

  • The power connector clearly labels each pin with G, 12V, and DET.

  • Also making an appearance is the top-mounted microphone and its soft rubber enclosure, good for FaceTime Skype video calls.

Edit Step 18  ¶ 

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Edit Step 18  ¶ 

  • The plastic top-rear bezel also doubles as a vent for the Pro's laptop-worthy hardware.

  • Two ports through the bezel act as venting ducts for the fans, directing hot air out the top. It appears that the Pro's fans draw ambient air in through the many vent holes spaced around the perimeter, then force that air over the heat sink's two radiators and out of the device, cooling the CPU and GPU.

Edit Step 19  ¶ 

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Edit Step 19  ¶ 

  • Microsoft spared no expense when it came to keeping the Surface Pro going. They sourced the Cadillac of batteries from LG: an Escalade 42 Wh unit. The battery is rated for 7.4 V and 5676 mAh.

    • Impressive specs? Note that the iPad 4 has a 43 Wh battery, albeit at 3.7 V.

  • And even with all this battery juice, the reported battery life of the Surface Pro is less than 5 hours.

Edit Step 20  ¶ 

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Edit Step 20  ¶ 

  • Lesson learned about adhesive in this teardown—we go straight to the iOpener in order to get the battery out of its sticky cage.

  • As always, we are ignoring some kind of warning. This time, it tells us not to remove the battery from the back cover. Apparently, to safely replace your battery you will need a whole back cover assembly.

  • We don't understand the point of heavily-glued batteries. This kind of planned obsolescence is completely unnecessary.

  • We assume the sweet camo pattern on the rear case interior is an insulating coating applied to the otherwise conductive panel.

Edit Step 21  ¶ 

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Edit Step 21  ¶ 

  • Microsoft Surface Pro Repairability Score: 1 out of 10 (10 is easiest to repair)

  • The battery is not soldered to the motherboard, so at least no soldering is required to replace it.

  • The SSD is removable — but you risk killing your tablet by trying to open it.

  • There are over 90 screws inside this device. We're proponents of mechanical fasteners, but this number is a tad crazy.

  • The display assembly (comprising of a fused glass and LCD) is extremely difficult to remove/replace.

  • Tons of adhesive hold everything in place, including the display and battery.

  • Unless you perform the opening procedure 100% correctly, chances are you'll shear one of the four cables surrounding the display perimeter.

Required Tools

Spudger

$2.95 · 50+ In stock

Heat Gun

$24.95 · 50+ In stock

Tweezers

$4.95 · 50+ In stock

T5 Torx Screwdriver

$5.95 · 50+ In stock

T3 Torx Screwdriver

$9.95 · 50+ In stock

Recommended Tools

54 Bit Driver Kit

$29.95 · 50+ In stock

Pro Magnetic Project Mat

$19.95 · 50+ In stock

Pro Tech Screwdriver Set

$59.95 · 50+ In stock

Anti-Static Project Tray

$4.95 · 50+ In stock

Popular Device Products

Surface Pro Keyboard

$37.95 · 5 In stock

Comments Comments are onturn off

I wonder if you can upgrade the CPU to Haswell when it comes out...

Vincent Liu, · Reply

Ah, nvm, looks like it will be LGA 1150 socket =(((((

Vincent Liu, · Reply

Looks like this is going to be difficult to upgrade the 64GB SSD to a larger SSD. I can see that it is a standard size mSATA SSD card. But the hard part is the heating of the screen edges and prying the screen off in order to get access to the internals. Once it is taken apart, what kind of glue do you use to put the screen back on? The glue needs to be strong enough to be secure but also able to be removed again if needed.

HoHo, · Reply

You can test if the SSD works correctly without gluing it.Once it's okay,glue it.

lenovotcldellhp,

Could it be that you linked the wrong SSD? You linked a 1,8" MTFDDAA064MAM-1J2 but in your picture you clearly can see a mSATA MTFDDAT064MAM-1J2.

Bjoern, · Reply

Linked to correct SSD. No idea what happened there, but I take full responsibility.

Miroslav Djuric,

Step 1 -> Noteworthy components - "3rd Gen Intel Core i5 Processor with Intel HD Graphics 4000 (the same graphics found in current-generation MacBook Pro laptops)"

-> Surface Pro runs an i5-3317U with an integrated graphics controller HD 4000 running at 350 MHz by default. While it's true that MacBook Pros integrate HD 4000, they are not the same - as the HD 4000 on the lowest MacBook Pro (i5-3210M, 2.5Ghz) runs at 650 MHz by default - 185% faster than the HD 4000 on the Surface Pro.

-> Corrected to "3rd Gen Intel Core i5 Processor with Intel HD Graphics 4000 (the same graphics found in current-generation MacBook Air laptops)"

Hasufel, · Reply

Did you teardown the keyboard too? Whats used for backlight there?

Force, · Reply

hey!! I have a pro, and it broke twice , they gave me a new one each time (sound card failure, folowed by blowen fan bearing) I want to just give up on sending it back next time it gives in and fix it myself... so while I had it open I thought I might as well mod it out. so I was wondering, is the processor removable/upgradeable? what about the ram? I want to put in dual 4 gig cards for an 8 gig total ram and the i5 for an i7-3520M since they share sockets... how legal is that in terms of doing it without the need of a dremel and hot glue?

Andrew Breazna, · Reply

I love you

This is the most sensible, witty and wise tech site ever. I don't care what creed, color or even sex you are ... I love you. I wouldn't mind a summary or an epilogue after the last step however ... it just feels incomplete ... I didn't know if you were finished or my device froze. At any rate ... Thank you. Franc

Franc Caggiano, · Reply

My Microsoft surface laptop can't open, the outside part of laptop is just like a iron that is exposed to a rain water. I asked to repair it here in our place but they doesn't have any materials to open it, what should I do? is there any other chance to open my laptop? please help me to solve this.

And also my keyboard doesn't work at all. :(((

Angelica, · Reply

Hi to all.I wonder could the battery be replaced with a better one so it would last more?any suggestions?

environmentall, · Reply

Hi to all.I wonder could the battery be replaced with a better one so it would last more?any suggestions?Also any suggestions on SSD model

environmentall, · Reply

I just bought a Surface Pro, second hand. Tragically, the day after I connected a broken/cheap 3.0 HUB and managed to 'fry' the only USB port. The port isn't able to provide 5V anymore, but the data connection still works.

Too bad the Surface Pro is too hard to open, let alone fix! Now I will have to provide a proper powered USB hub just to connect simple devices.

I wonder if I could draw the 5V power from any other connector around the surface, or even if I open the Surface, if I could make a connection between the USB's VCC pin and any other place in the device (an internal USB connector which drives the SD card reader?). But it seems too risky to open the device, and the external connectors remain a mystery.

I feel very bad, the toy didn't last a day. Any lights?

emilio, · Reply

I wonder if I can increase the flash memory to 256 gb? I'd pay more.

aidanalmanzor, · Reply

Estimated time to remove the display would be approx 20-30 mins for a professional and maybe 45-50 mins for an novice fixer.

David Fear, · Reply

If that isn't tar, What's that? It looks alike, and it says that it's close in function, appearance, and smell

jimenezser, · Reply

Are there cables that can be cut when prying the screen/digitizer up? Where do we need to be careful? The iPad 2 guide was very clear about where cables could be problematic, and I still managed skip a step and cut the digitizer cable. I want to be more careful this time. :)

brian, · Reply

The cables are located along the bottom of the screen. The best place to start would be the upper left corner. First go along the top, be careful around the camera, then continue down the right hand side. when you get to the bottom right corner just go around the corner about 5-10mm. Now return to the top left corner and continue down the left hand side following the same procedure as the right. guitar picks / sim cards or similar are useful to keep the screen separated as you go along.

When all 3 sides are separated, gently lift up the display. The display is still attached at this point. detach all but the centre ribbon cable.

Now gently heat the bottom off the display, and when the glue is soft, gently separate the display from the tablet.

David Fear,

if you were to put this back together can you make it look like it wasnt opened? obviously you could tell if you opened it again but i mean can you cleanly close it back together and make it look like it wasnt opened? and do you need to buy the adhesive to put it back together succefuly

derick, · Reply

First remove the sticky black adhesive. Once removed, use 10mm double sided tape (preferably made by 3M) to stick the new display down.

David Fear,

Use WD-40 to clean up all the adhesive once you get the plastic bezel out. Use rubbing alcohol to clean up the WD-40.

Apply fresh double-faced tape to the plastic bezel after its re-installed, but leave the backer on it. Fire up your Surface and check everything BEFORE you pull off the tape backer.

Spanky, · Reply

Sorry, the numbers quoted here are inaccurate. When measured in gigabytes (billions of bytes) to match the 64GB advertised capacity, available initial storage is approximately 32 GB, and you can relocate the recovery partition to increase available storage to 40 GB. The Windows 8 operating system and included apps take up 22 GB of space, not 40 GB. See this article: http://www.zdnet.com/microsoft-officiall...

Ed Bott, · Reply

Thanks for letting us know, Ed. Fixed!

Kyle Wiens, · Reply

Is there any indication as to whether the MicroSDXC reader (on either Surface) would support the new, higher speed UHS-I or UHS-II cards?

The reader would have an extra row of pins to get higher data rates. The Surface team on Twitter has been delightfully evasive - saying they support all cards on the market.

I want to know if they support the cards with the faster transfer rates (above 100MB/sec)!

Which requires extra pins...

For reference: http://sdxc2.com/UHS-II.htm

Gregg, · Reply

Well, here's how things look like inside the Surface Pro's MicroSDXC card reader. So will that accommodate the extra row of pins? You be the judge.

Since the Pro is toast (and we haven't a UHS card), we can't really test it for you. Hopefully the picture helps!

Miroslav Djuric,

Awesome pic!

I think that puts it all in perspective... so big storage yes, big fast storage, not so much.

(i.e. no UHS-II level fast transfer, which would have been near SATA speeds I guess)

Next time Gadget... Next tiiiime!!

Gregg,

Anyone knows the pins for the dock? And there are these BIG pins on the side that don't appear on the Surface RT, the Surface team said on Reddit that they are for charging the Surface (would make sense), so anyone knows what's + and - there?!

Felix Becker, · Reply

does using a case like this impede the airflow and cooling? All the ports are uncovered but your description of where the cooling occurs isn't precise. Thanks. http://www.amazon.com/Manvex-Microsoft-C...

Andrew, · Reply

the case doesn't impede any airflow, the vet is across the very top edge of the device

Andrew Breazna,

It's actually not that bad to tear down, I'll take it over an iPad anyday. Just a handy heat gun and watch all the cables at the bottom.

I would be hesitant on a new surface pro or pro 2 however, I purchased a 64gb pro on ebay with the screen already broken. Following the guide here I got the screen replaced and upgraded the SSD to a 480GB

Mark, · Reply

480Gb?? What model and how does it affect the battery life?

moldor,

Mark, do you think a 1TB Samsung 840 EVO would work in a 1st gen Surface Pro?

I'm thinking of doing an SSD upgrade of my 64GB model.

halofreak1990,

Yeah, this works. Unfortunately, I DID shear the two ribbon cables at the bottom, killing both the touch detection and I somehow damaged the LCD somewhat; it now can't display black, and I have some artifacts on-screen. I'll use the broken LCD until I get a replacement, but really, unless you're really careful, especially with the bottom edge of the screen, I'd strongly advise against trying to open it.

Bottom line: While the 1TB SSD is nice to have, it might not be worth the price. (€ 400-somewhat for the SSD, and another €400-somewhat for a new display assembly).

halofreak1990,

can you tell me what brand and model sad you used, and how did you load windows 8 back on to it?

Almando, · Reply

Oh and what did you use to "glue" the screen back on?

Almando, · Reply

I don't know if they did. By the looks of the screenshot, they tore off the ribbon cable at the botton of the screen, which would kill the touch detection. And if they did glue it back together, they'd have probably gotten a replacement screen, and used some double-sided tape to put it back together.

halofreak1990,

10mm 3M double-sided adhesive tape would be be the best choice.

David Fear,

Would you happen to know what USB chip was used in the Surface Pro? It would be really helpful to know...

Syreeta Wright, · Reply

First extract your Windows product key using magic jelly bean. Then you need a copy of Windows 8 or 8.1 Pro. Your product key will work. Here's the tricky part. You need to make a Windows 8 Thumbdrive with GUID Partitions formatted as Fat32. (Do not use MBR partitions with NTFS). There's instructions on YouTube for that.

I used my thumbdrive to clear the recovery partition and do a clean install. Don't worry about drivers. Everything will work even before updates.

Corie Allen, · Reply

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