Microsoft Zune HD Teardown

Teardown

Teardown

Teardowns provide a look inside a device and should not be used as disassembly instructions.

Lookee here what we got our hands on today! None other than a brand new Zune HD from Microsoft.

Want up-to-the-minute updates? Follow @ifixit on twitter.

You can also check out our Zune HD teardown video!

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Edit Step 1 Microsoft Zune HD Teardown  ¶ 

  • We got our hands on a brand new Zune HD. It's a very pretty device, but that will not spare it from the knife.

  • Sparing no expense, we got the 32 GB "Platinum" model. However, it seems you need to spend an additional $90 if you want to get HD out of the Zune HD...

  • To Microsoft's credit, our 32 GB Zune was $10 less than the 32 GB iPod touch we took apart last week. However, if you want more than 32 GB in your Zune, you're out of luck for now.

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Edit Step 2  ¶ 

  • The Zune features a 3.3 inch OLED display and capacitive touch screen. OLED screens do not require a backlight like traditional LCDs. This means they can draw significantly less power than a traditional LCD. This isn't the first product with an OLED, but it's certainly cutting-edge technology, and something we haven't seen in any Apple devices yet.

  • The Zune's OLED features a resolution of 480x272, a 16:9 aspect ratio. Microsoft clearly wants you to watch movies on the Zune.

  • Microsoft claims the Zune's battery provides 8.5 hours video playback. That's long enough that your eyes should be worn out long before the battery.

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Edit Step 3  ¶ 

  • Why hello there? What's your name beautiful? You're a very pretty device.

  • Zune says "Hello." We say "Hello." back. Very cordial, this Zune is.

  • The Zune is lighter than it looks. It weighs in at only 2.6 oz (74 grams). That's more than 35% less than the similarly-sized iPod touch.

  • Microsoft even left us a message! (picture 3). Hello to you Seattle from San Luis Obispo!

  • The Zune HD is 102.1 mm x 52.7 mm x 8.9 mm, while the iPod touch is 110 mm x 61.8 mm x 8.5 mm. If the iPod touch were square, it would have 20% more volume than the Zune. We could integrate to calculate the area under those curves, but we'll save that fun stuff for you mathletes out there.

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Edit Step 4  ¶ 

  • Unlike Apple, Microsoft doesn't seem to be afraid to show off their screws. They probably don't want everyone doing what we're about to do, so they've adorned the Zune's exterior with tri-wing screws.

  • The black plasic strip at the bottom of the Zune reminds us of the original iPhone.

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Edit Step 5  ¶ 

  • Tri-wing screwdriver to the rescue!

  • There's no "warranty void" sticker or seal to break when opening the Zune. Thanks Microsoft!

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Edit Step 6  ¶ 

  • Opening the lovely device...

  • This is a lot easier than opening the iPod touch.

  • Yes, Apple, we're talking to you. Apparently it is possible to make something both pretty and serviceable at the same time...

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Edit Step 7  ¶ 

  • A tribute to a Zune team member who passed away during development. May she rest in peace.

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Edit Step 8  ¶ 

  • The lovely internals.

  • NVIDIA Tegra processor front and center. In a stark contrast to Apple's relationship with Samsung, NVIDIA's product page actually has a link to buy the Zune HD.

  • To the right is the SiPORT HD Radio receiver. This chip supports AM, FM, HD Radio, Microsoft MSN Direct Data Services, and a slew of other frequencies (including the Weather Band).

  • The SDRAM is Hynix! H5MS1G22MFP J3M 926A. In the upper left, is a 1 gigabit Hynix Mobile DDR SDRAM.

  • The accelerometer is below the Hynix SDRAM and to the left of the Nvidia processor. It's a Kionix KXSD9.

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Edit Step 9  ¶ 

  • Battery: 3.7V, 2.45Wh, 660 mAh

  • That's about 16% less capacity than the 789 mAh battery in the new iPod touch. However, Microsoft promises longer run time than the touch for both music and videos.

  • Let's make up some fun units. Apple claims 30 hours of music for the touch, and Microsoft claims 33 hours for the Zune. That means the touch uses 26.3 milliamp hours per hour, while the Zune uses only 20 milliamp hours per hour. However, if you really care about getting the most for your milliamps, it's hard to beat an iPod shuffle (7.3 mAh/hour).

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Edit Step 10  ¶ 

  • Removing the bottom backplate.

  • We assume this is here to improve the reception for the Zune's antenna(s). A nice feature (nowhere to be seen on the iPod touch) is the Zune's built in HD radio. It's the only HD you can actually play on your Zune.

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Edit Step 11  ¶ 

  • Removing a Torx screw near the bottom of the logic board.

  • The layout of the device appears a little simpler than the iPod touch.

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Edit Step 12  ¶ 

  • Taking off the top power button cover...

  • The Zune sports only three external buttons, while the iPod touch has four. Apple doesn't think their users are smart enough to handle a multi-button mouse, but they expect people to be able to use four different buttons on their iPod touch. Steve Jobs is probably already trying to figure out how to remove two buttons from the iPod touch.

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Edit Step 13  ¶ 

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Edit Step 14  ¶ 

  • Logic board comes out!

  • Like the iPod touch, the Zune has a soldered battery. The battery should be easier to replace than on the new iPod touch, since the Zune's battery has individual wires for the battery leads. In the touch, the battery leads run through a single ribbon cable, making hand-soldering a challenge.

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Edit Step 15  ¶ 

  • Prying the inner chassis off the front panel.

  • You can see the digitizer (left) and OLED data cables.

  • The inner chassis is cast aluminum and helps to give the Zune its solid feel. The iPod classic has a similar chassis, but there's no internal chassis on the iPod touch.

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Edit Step 16  ¶ 

  • At least in our Zune, Toshiba is the NAND flash supplier, and it's in two separate packages. We are told that the 16 GB version has one package of Hynix NAND.

  • The long rectangular chip near the center of the board is the Phison Electronics PS8006 NAND controller.

  • Above the dock connector is an Atmel 8 kilobit AT88SC0808CA CryptoMemory EEPROM chip.

  • On the left side (with the sine wave logo) is a Wolfson Micro WM8352 audio codec.

  • As evidenced by the writing on the dock connector, the Zune is actually manufactured by Foxconn, the same company that produces iPods for Apple.

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Edit Step 17  ¶ 

  • The NVIDIA Tegra APX2600 processor.

  • The APX2600 features a ARM11 600 MHz core.

  • NVIDIA bills this as a "computer-on-a-chip." The Tegra integrates the CPU, GPU, northbridge, southbridge and memory controller into a single package.

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Edit Step 18  ¶ 

  • Separating the OLED display from the glass and digitizer.

  • The OLED screen is incredibly thin (1 mm) and seems more rugged than a traditional LCD panel.

  • It appears that the digitizer may be from RiT Display, and the controller from Avago.

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Edit Step 19  ¶ 

  • The Samsung display is model AMS326FA05. Interestingly, the date code on this OLED is four months old, so they may have been stockpiling these from a while to have enough for the Zune launch.

  • The glass is stamped with Avago X82165-001 P81302 A06.

  • It will be interesting to see how well the Zune HD holds up to being dropped. Fortunately, the Zune was designed in a way that should make repairing a broken front glass possible.

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Edit Step 20  ¶ 

  • We desoldered the EMI shield to see what was beneath...

  • It's an Atheros AR6002. Unlike the new iPod touch, this chip does not support 802.11n.

  • Atheros claims this chip is super power efficient: "The game-changing power efficiency delivered by the AR6002 significantly extends battery life. In fact, the AR6002 consumes 70% less power in active mode than competitive solutions and near-zero power in standby."

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Edit Step 21  ¶ 

  • Zune HD, displayed in nine easy-to-assemble pieces!

  • We found components inside from Atheros, Atmel, Avago, Kionix, Phison Electronics, RiT Display, Samsung, Toshiba, Foxxcon, and Wolfsom Micro. Did we miss one? Let us know.

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Comments Comments are onturn off

Nice teardown!

Ben Eisenman, · Reply

great review!

find some more in the zune review website.

good luck!

donta, · Reply

is there any sign of voided warranty? in other words, does Microsoft mind if you change the battery?

DrAngus0821, · Reply

Quote from DrAngus0821:

is there any sign of voided warranty? in other words, does Microsoft mind if you change the battery?

No sir -- no trace of any "Do Not Remove" or "Warranty Void if Removed" stickers.

Miroslav Djuric, · Reply

One of the Zune project team members was said to have passed away during the HD's development... It's a tribute to her memory... Very nice, I thought!

karrock, · Reply

Quote from karrock:

One of the Zune project team members was said to have passed away during the HD's development... It's a tribute to her memory... Very nice, I thought!

Very nice of them indeed! We'll update the text to reflect that kind gesture.

Miroslav Djuric, · Reply

This is a message for one of the Zune Team Members who passed away.

smjames23, · Reply

Quote from smjames23:

This is a message for one of the Zune Team Members who passed away.

I see the back is machined out of a piece of aluminum....

gse1woody, · Reply

Quote from gse1woody:

I see the back is machined out of a piece of aluminum....

It looks much nicer than the original

gse1woody, · Reply

Quote from gse1woody:

I see the back is machined out of a piece of aluminum....

This is a costlier and slower manufacture process than moding and press

gangshop, · Reply

does this have 1gb ram :o?

ipod touch 3g only has 256?

elim, · Reply

Quote from elim:

does this have 1gb ram :o?

ipod touch 3g only has 256?

1Gbit = 128MB.

blufire, · Reply

I think you can safely say that mAh/h = mA, i.e. it uses 26.3 mA.

Pies, · Reply

Quote from Pies:

I think you can safely say that mAh/h = mA, i.e. it uses 26.3 mA.

i guess not,

mAh is a unit of electric charge, which equals 3.6 coulombs,

while mA is a unit of electric current, which equals 0.001 coulombs/second.

GeekFox, · Reply

Quote from GeekFox:

i guess not, mAh is a unit of electric charge, which equals 3.6 coulombs, while mA is a unit of electric current, which equals 0.001 coulombs/second.

Hmm... 1 hour = 60 minutes = 3600 seconds. Therefore, 0.001 C/s equals to 3.6 C/hour, n'est-ce pas? If the device consumes 26.3 mA then it lets through 0.0263 coulombs each second, i.e. 2840.4 coulombs (789 mA·h) during 30 hours.

urix, · Reply

Apple claims 30 hours of music for the touch, and Microsoft claims 33 hours for the Zune.

iPod Touch specs, footnote 8: iPod units were associated to a Wi-Fi network and Auto-Brightness was turned off; all other settings were default

Zune HD specs: Music, up to 33 hours (wireless off); video, up to 8.5 hours

urix, · Reply

Quote from urix:

Hmm... 1 hour = 60 minutes = 3600 seconds. Therefore, 0.001 C/s equals to 3.6 C/hour, n'est-ce pas? If the device consumes 26.3 mA then it lets through 0.0263 coulombs each second, i.e. 2840.4 coulombs (789 mA·h) during 30 hours.

well, you're right.

i messed up with units.

GeekFox, · Reply

May be worth noting, for those who are unfamiliar, that the "HD" in HD Radio stands for "Hybrid Digital," not High Definition.

blufire, · Reply

Quote from blufire:

May be worth noting, for those who are unfamiliar, that the "HD" in HD Radio stands for "Hybrid Digital," not High Definition.

Thanks! That is news to my ears.

Andrew Bookholt, · Reply

Quote from andrew:

Thanks! That is news to my ears.

Glad that was useful :) Keep up the awesome work, I really enjoy your site!

blufire, · Reply

Quote from blufire:

May be worth noting, for those who are unfamiliar, that the "HD" in HD Radio stands for "Hybrid Digital," not High Definition.

Actually, that is not correct. This is a pure marketing term invented by iBiquity to promote their digital radio in a simple to understand way.I know as I worked directly with them. It is marketing speak and stands for nothing specific.

rheiblim, · Reply

Quote from rheiblim:

Actually, that is not correct. This is a pure marketing term invented by iBiquity to promote their digital radio in a simple to understand way.I know as I worked directly with them. It is marketing speak and stands for nothing specific.

Thanks Rheiblim :) My understanding is that it started out as Hybrid Digital, then became purely a marketing term (like DVD). But if you worked with them, then you're a more reliable source than, say, Wikipedia ;)

blufire, · Reply

Please let me know where is the WiFi Antenna.

It was in right hand in step 10?

I don't need ZUNE HD's Wifi.

If I remove the LAN Board(what includes Atheros AR6002) or WiFi Antenna, then ZUNE HD does it work? How can I remove it?

From Korean

linear6, · Reply

4 buttons vs. 3 buttons?

Zune-Volume rocker, power button, and home button...3

Touch-Volume rocker, power buton, and home button...3....where's the 4th?

photonic, · Reply

Quote from photonic:

4 buttons vs. 3 buttons?

Zune-Volume rocker, power button, and home button...3

Touch-Volume rocker, power buton, and home button...3....where's the 4th?

On the Zune, there's just a single "media" button on the side. On the iPod touch, there are two separate buttons on the side, volume up and volume down.

Luke Soules, · Reply

Last time i checked, the Apple Mouse had 4 buttons plus a scroll ball.

tminahan, · Reply

Foxconn makes many types of connectors.

The presence of a Foxconn manufactured connector does not indicate the device was manufactured or assembled by Foxconn.

Theicom, · Reply

With the toshiba memory, Toshiba also makes 32 GB NAND flash memory that I believe would fit in place of those. Is it possible to take those out and replace them easily, and would it work?

SupahLovah, · Reply

Quote from SupahLovah:

With the toshiba memory, Toshiba also makes 32 GB NAND flash memory that I believe would fit in place of those. Is it possible to take those out and replace them easily, and would it work?

http://s1.guide-images.ifixit.com/igi/34... obviously the 16 GB memory, and here is the 32 GB. http://thefutureofthings.com/upload/item...

SupahLovah, · Reply

So, now I'll need to dissect the 16 GB Zune HD I won from MS recently, and see if there's an empty spot or not. If there is, would it be upgradable, given that I can solder surface mount tech? :)

Jadawin, · Reply

Quote from Jadawin:

So, now I'll need to dissect the 16 GB Zune HD I won from MS recently, and see if there's an empty spot or not. If there is, would it be upgradable, given that I can solder surface mount tech? :)

Definently not, there must be 500 or more solder joints, and the flash controller is designed for the memory currently configured

Chris Green, · Reply

You forgot nvidia :D

Zakus, · Reply

Quote from Zakus:

You forgot nvidia :D

wow that was a stupid mistake...

ryan1000000, · Reply

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