Earbuds only come thru in one speaker.
If I push the earbud jack in all the way I only gett sound in the left side. But, if I pull it out just a little bit I get both speakers working. The problem with that is, the jack won't stay in that position.
Do I need special earbuds for an Ipod Touch or do I need to replace the audio jack?
it sounds like a faulty headphone jack to me, especially since you get both channels if you pull the plug out slightly - I've seen this exact symptom on various old audio gear before if one of the contacts in the jack doesn't make a solid connection with the plug.
do confirm your earphones are good on another known good audio source, but if they are your headphone jack is the problem.
Because the headphone jack is attached to the logic board (soldered on the logic board), replacing the headphone jack might require special tools and extreme care. It might not be a good idea to do that unless you have all the necessary tools and are willing to take the risk.
check this link on Step 10: iPod Touch 1st Generation Logic Board Replacement
Dave, I agree with Bac that it sounds as if few connectors inside the headphone jack got loose or bent. You can check inside the headphone jack using a small keychain flashlight to see if it's true. You might find something tiny but strong enough to bend the connector back to its normal condition if the connector's bent. I know it's not that easy to do, but that's all I know.
Hope you can get it back to work normally.